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GHENDOV-MOŞANU, Aliona; CRISTEA, Elena; PATRAȘ, Antoanela; STURZA, Rodica; PĂDUREANU, Silvica; DESEATNICOVA, Olga; TURCULEȚ, Nadejda; BOEŞTEAN, Olga; NICULAUA, Marius. Potential application of hippophae rhamnoides in wheat bread production. In: Molecules (Basel, Switzerland). 2020, nr. 6(25), p. 0. ISSN -.
|Molecules (Basel, Switzerland)|
|Numărul 6(25) / 2020 / ISSN - /ISSNe 1420-3049|
Sea buckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides) berries are well known for their content in bioactive compounds, high acidity, bright yellow color, pleasant taste and odor, thus their addition in a basic food such as bread could be an opportunity for modern food producers. The aim of the present research was to investigate the characteristics and the effects of the berry' flour added in wheat bread (in concentration of 1%, 3% and 5%) on sensory, physicochemical and antioxidant properties, and also bread shelf life. Berry flour contained total polyphenols-1467 mg gallic acid equivalents (GAE)/100 g, of which flavonoids-555 mg GAE/100 g, cinnamic acids-425 mg caffeic acid equivalents (CAE)/100 g, flavonols-668 mg quercetin equivalents (QE)/100 g. The main identified phenolics were catechin, hyperoside, chlorogenic acid, cis- and trans-resveratrol, ferulic and protocatechuic acids, procyanidins B1 and B2, epicatechin, gallic acid, quercetin, p- and m-hydroxybenzoic acids. The antioxidant activity was 7.64 mmol TE/100 g, and carotenoids content 34.93 ± 1.3 mg/100 g. The addition of berry flour increased the antioxidant activity of bread and the shelf life up to 120 h by inhibiting the development of rope spoilage. The obtained results recommend the addition of 1% Hippophae rhamnoides berry flour in wheat bread, in order to obtain a product enriched in health-promoting biomolecules, with better sensorial and antioxidant properties and longer shelf life.
Antimicrobial, antioxidant, bioactive compounds, Natural additive, Organoleptic properties, polyphenols, Sea buckthorn berries, Shelf life