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GONŢA, Victoria. Strategii de adaptare psiho-emoţională, comportamentală şi religioasă la pacienţii cu diabet. In: Revista de studii interdisciplinare „C. Stere”. 2018, nr. 1-2(17-18), pp. 94-103. ISSN 2457-5550.
|Revista de studii interdisciplinare „C. Stere”|
|Numărul 1-2(17-18) / 2018 / ISSN 2457-5550|
Psycho-emotional, behavioral and religious strategies for patients with diabetes The ilness causes the fear of a possible addiction, handicap and death. It affects many aspects of life and it requires the necessity of a multidisiplinary treatment based on a patient. Living under the influence of stress asociated with the diagnosis of diabetes demands strategies of coping that lead to regaining the sense of balance. The psychological implications of the ilness are dictated by the emotional feelings and the value judgements triggered by the unexpected diagnosis of the ilness although the prognosis seems to be excellent. The delay in diagnosis decreases the patients’ confidence in the results of science. And equally important is the fact that the treatment is a psychological and emotional struggle, it causes losses in terms of body image, the body functioning, existential security, changes of roles, the patient frequently associating the ilness with the loss of self resources.Spirituality and religiosity have an important role in fighting the ilness or dealing with the somatic effects of stress. The religious people cope with the ilnesss in a more effective way, the belief in God given control being important for their mental health. That’s why, using the religious coping strategies gives sense to the control without interfering with the self responsability. This stimulates a better response of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis to the stress. Dealig with the ilness and the emotional stress requires the using of adaptive coping strategies. A coping strategy is related to the psychological profile of the patient. Most of the studies on the relation between the ilness perception and patients’ coping strategies have used methods based on the distiction between the adapting strategies of coping centered on the problem and the strategies centred on the emotion. But this distinction creates a major conceptual problem, the cognitve dimension overcomes the limits of this dichotomy.
family history of diabetes, family adaptability, cognitive-behavioral coping strategies, Illness perception, religious coping strategies