ZnAl2O4-Functionalized Zinc Oxide Microstructures for Highly Selective Hydrogen Gas Sensing Applications
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HOPPE, Mathias; LUPAN, Oleg; POSTICA, Vasilie; WOLFF, Niklas; DUPPEL, Viola; KIENLE, Lorenz; TIGHINEANU, Ion; ADELUNG, Rainer. ZnAl2O4-Functionalized Zinc Oxide Microstructures for Highly Selective Hydrogen Gas Sensing Applications. In: Physica Status Solidi (A) Applications and Materials Science. 2018, nr. 7(215), p. 0. ISSN 1862-6300.
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Physica Status Solidi (A) Applications and Materials Science
Numărul 7(215) / 2018 / ISSN 1862-6300

ZnAl2O4-Functionalized Zinc Oxide Microstructures for Highly Selective Hydrogen Gas Sensing Applications


DOI: 10.1002/pssa.201700772
Pag. 0-0

Hoppe Mathias1, Lupan Oleg12, Postica Vasilie2, Wolff Niklas1, Duppel Viola3, Kienle Lorenz1, Tighineanu Ion2, Adelung Rainer1
 
1 Institute for Material Science, Christian-Albrechts- University of Kiel,
2 Technical University of Moldova,
3 Max Planck Institute for Solid State Research
 
Disponibil în IBN: 2 mai 2018


Rezumat

In this work, a simple method of ZnAl2O4-functionalization of ZnO microstructures is presented. The different characterization methods (structural, chemical, and micro-Raman) demonstrated the presence of only ZnO and ZnAl2O4 crystalline phases. ZnAl2O4 nano-crystallites grow on the surfaces of ZnO 3D microstructures having diameters of 50–100 nm and with high density. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and high-resolution TEM (HRTEM) results clearly show ZnAl2O4 crystallites functionalizing zinc oxide tetrapod arms. The individual structures (microwires (MWs) and three-dimensional (3D) tetrapods (Ts)) are integrated into functional devices, suitable for gas sensing applications. All devices show excellent hydrogen gas selectivity at relatively low operating temperature in the range of 25–100 °C. The highest gas sensing performances are obtained based on individual ZnAl2O4-functionalized ZnO tetrapods (ZnAl2O4/ZnO-T, with an arm diameter (D) of ≈400 nm) and a response of ≈2 at 25 °C to 100 ppm of hydrogen gas (H­2), while a ZnAl2O4/ZnO-MW (D ≈ 400 nm) shows only a response of ≈1.1. The Al-doped ZnO MW (D ≈ 400 nm) without ZnAl2O4 elaborated in another work, chosen only for comparison reason, shows no response up to 800 ppm H2 gas concentration. A gas sensing mechanism is proposed for a single ZnAl2O4/ZnO-T microstructure based sensor. The obtained results on ZnAl2O4/ZnO-T-based devices is superior to many reported performances of other individual metal oxide nanostructures with much lower diameter, showing promising results for room temperature H2 gas sensing applications.

Cuvinte-cheie
Functionalization,

Hybrid, hydrogen sensors, ZnAl2O4, ZnO tetrapod