Carl Schmidt and Alexander Bernardazzi on the necessity of building a Kishinev drama theatre at the end of XIX century
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2018-09-19 15:47
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725.822:792(478)”XIX” (1)
Arhitectură (425)
Teatru. Artă scenică. Reprezentații teatrale (410)
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CEASTINA, Alla. Carl Schmidt and Alexander Bernardazzi on the necessity of building a Kishinev drama theatre at the end of XIX century . In: Patrimoniul cultural: cercetare, valorificare, promovare. Ediția 9, 30-31 mai 2017, Chișinău. Chișinău, Republica Moldova: "Notograf Prim" SRL, 2017, pp. 123-124. ISBN 978-9975-84-030-9.
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Patrimoniul cultural: cercetare, valorificare, promovare
Ediția 9, 2017
Conferința "Patrimoniul cultural: cercetare, valorificare, promovare"
Chișinău, Moldova, 30-31 mai 2017

Carl Schmidt and Alexander Bernardazzi on the necessity of building a Kishinev drama theatre at the end of XIX century

CZU: 725.822:792(478)”XIX”

Pag. 123-124

Ceastina Alla
 
Institutul Patrimoniului Cultural al AŞM
 
Disponibil în IBN: 1 martie 2018



Teza

The Kishinev city head Karl Shmidt proposed to build a temporary theatre with a properly ornamented beautiful facade and sufficiently big in size tomeet the needs of the city for the next 15–20 years. By the end of May 1888, the City Duma passed a resolution on the construction of the Kishinev theatre on the Police Square and on calling entrepreneurs for this project. The building was supposed to house at least 900 comfortable spectator seats and be suitable for dramatic and perhaps circus performances with all the necessary anti-fire precautions. As an example, Karl Schmidt cited the building of Odessa Alexandrinsky theatre. At the beginning of December 1889, he wrote a letter to famous architects, including Alexander Bernardazzi, who suggested, that expensive décor should not be used for the theatre building, replacing it by sculptural and picturesque ornamentation, tasteful in forms and colours. The architect also wrote about the character of a modern theatre spectator, who would rightly expect the decor and graceful brilliance to match the purpose of the theatre. Karl Schmidt made orders for the plans of large European theatres in Berlin. On 19 May 1890, the Commission for the construction of the theatre decided to build a circus-theatre with a stage, where various drama performances could be given in Kishinev, at the corner of Mikhailovskaya Street and Fontanniy alley. Based on archival documents, the author of this article presents an early period of the history of the construction of the drama theatre and circus in Kishinev, as well as the views of many architects on the necessity and perspective of this issue.