| SM ISO690:2012|
ŞINCARENCO, Irina; LACUSTA, Victor; CEREŞ, Victoria; GÎLEA, Angela. Acupunctura auriculară la pacienții cu astm bronșic și dereglări anxioase. In: Congresul consacrat aniversării a 75-a de la fondarea Universității de Stat de Medicină şi Farmacie „Nicolae Testemiţanu”. 21-23 octombrie 2020, Chişinău. Chişinău: USMF, 2020, p. 374.
|Congresul consacrat aniversării a 75-a de la fondarea Universității de Stat de Medicină şi Farmacie „Nicolae Testemiţanu” 2020|
Congresul "Congresul consacrat aniversării a 75-a de la fondarea Universității de Stat de Medicină şi Farmacie „Nicolae Testemiţanu”" |
Chişinău, Moldova, 21-23 octombrie 2020
Background. Anxiety disorders in patients with bronchial asthma have a negative impact on their quality of life and create difficulties in treatment. Currently, for this category of patients, different variations of acupuncture are indicated, along with the application of psychotropic remedies. Objective of the study. The study of auricular acupuncture’s anxiolytic effect in patients with bronchial asthma, depending on the predominance of sympathetic / parasympathetic autonomic tonus. Material and Methods. Vein’s diagnostic tables (autonomic disorders), Spielberger-Hanin questionnaire (anxiety levels), spectral analysis of cardiac rhythm (autonomic tonus) were applied. Patients were divided into 2 groups: I – sympathetic (n=24), II – parasympathetic (n=24). These acupoints were stimulated: Lung, Sympathetic Nervous System, Shenmen, Zero. The Student’s t-test was applied for coherent selections. Results. Anxiety levels before treatment: group I – 51,13±2,19 points, group II – 48,8±3,15 points. After applying AA, anxiety levels had significantly dropped (p<0,01) compared to indexes before treatment (group I - Δ1, group II - Δ2), at all stages of the investigation: after the first procedure Δ1 = –8,58, Δ2 = –6,0; after a 10-day treatment Δ1 = –15,5, Δ2 = –18,17; over 30 days after completing the treatment Δ1 = –15,25, Δ2 = –18,42. The autonomic equilibrium indexes (LF/HF) at each phases of investigation had pronounced tendencies of normalization at the end of the treatment (10 days), being statistically significant (p<0,05). Conclusion. In patients with bronchial asthma, AA had a moderate effect on autonomic system and a pronounced anxiolytic effect indifferent of the predominance of the autonomic tonus (sympathetic / parasympathetic). The obtained effects were maintained in the following 3-4 weeks.
bronchial asthma, anxiety, autonomic tonus, acupuncture,
Astm bronşic, anxietate, tonus autonom, acupunctură