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ŢUGULEA (HACINA), Cristina. Contributions to the knowledge of the Lepidoptera fauna (insecta) of the nature forest reserve “Cobileni”. In: Sustainable use, protection of animal world and forest management in the context of climate change. Ediția IX, 12-13 octombrie 2016, Chișinău. Chișinău: Institutul de Zoologie, 2016, pp. 286-287. ISBN 978-9975-3022-7-2.
|Sustainable use, protection of animal world and forest management in the context of climate change
Ediția IX, 2016
Conferința "Sustainable use, protection of animal world and forest management in the context of climate change" |
Chișinău, Moldova, 12-13 octombrie 2016
In the modern specialized literature there are few works on the fauna of Lepidoptera from different geographic regions of Moldova, which motivated us to study and monitor the current state of butterfly fauna in certain regions, such as reserve “Cobileni”. The purpose of the work was to continue gathering data on knowledge and diversity of Lepidoptera fauna of the nature forest reserve “Cobileni”. The analyzed data completes the scientific information from the latest literature. The reserve “Cobileni” is a natural forest territory with an area of 33.5 ha. It belongs to the Susleni forest area, located in the Orhei district on the right bank of the Dniester River. This area does not have impressive size, but is marked by a great diversity of species of Lepidoptera and the number of specimens collected. Entomological material that was used in the preparation of this work was collected in June-July of 2015. The Lepidoptera species were collected manually by “mowing” with entomological net, by using light trap with white and UV light and by the ordinary lamp. The species Saturnia pyri (Denis & Schiffermuller 1775) was collected using ordinary lamp under which was bedding a white cloth. The species Macroglossum stellatarum (Linnaeus 1758) was observed during the nutrition of adult butterfly on various flower plants. The collected material was identified using the most recently published taxonomical keys. The Lepidoptera species found in “Cobileni” belong to 9 families: Hesperiidae – 1 species, Pieridae – 4, Papilionidae – 1, Nymphalidae – 6, Lycaenidae – 5, Noctuidae – 20, Erebidae – 11, Saturniidae – 1 and Sphingidae – 8 species. The species Melitaea cinxia (Linnaeus 1758) and Pararge aegeria (Linnaeus 1758) from Nymphalidae family and the species of the last four families mentioned above are cited for the first time in the fauna of “Cobileni” reserve. The species Sphinx pinastri (Linnaeus 1758) is new for the entomological fauna of the Republic of Moldova (in the systematic list is highlighted with the bold). In bibliographic sources is cited only once by E. Miller, N. Zubovschi and A. Ruscinschi in 1929, but the only specimen was collected in the vicinity of Hotin city, territory that does not belong at present to Republic of Moldova. However, this species is found in Ukrainian fauna but lacking in the Romanian. During the research were collected eight specimens of this species. Below is indicated the systematic list of butterflies signaled from the reserve „Cobileni” in June-July 2016. Family Hesperiidae: Erynnis tages L. Family Pieridae: Leptidea morsei Fent., Pieris napi L., P. brassicae L., Colias alfacariensis Ribbe. Family Papilionidae: Iphiclides podalirius L. Family Nymphalidae: Pararge aegeria L., Melanargia galathea L., Maniola jurtina L., Polygonia c-album L., Mellicta aurelia Nick., Melitaea cinxia L. Family Lycaenidae: Satyrium spini F., Lycaena dispar Haw., Celastrina argiolus L., Plebejus argus L., Polyommatus icarus Rott. Family Noctuidae: Tyta luctuosa Den. & Schiff., Heliothis viriplaca Hufn., Acontia trabealis Scop., Axylia putris L., Calamia tridens Hufn., Trachea atriplicis L., Xestia cnigrum L., Enargia abluta Hub., Noctua interposita Hub., N. fimbriata Schr., Diarsia brunnea Den. & Schiff., Cosmia diffinis L., Lamprosticta culta Den. & Schiff., Euxoa obelisca Den. & Schiff., Oxicesta geographica F., Cucullia tanaceti Den. & Schiff., Hecatera cappa Hub., Mythimna l-album L., Dypterygia scabriuscula L., Deltote bankiana F. Family Saturniidae: Saturnia pyri Den. & Schiff. Family Erebidae: Euplagia quadripunctaria Poda, Amata phegea L., Scoliopteryx libatrix L., Calymma communimacula Den. & Schiff., Grammodes stolida F., Eublemma purpurina Den. & Schiff., Dysgonia algira L., Catocala fulminea Scop., Catocala electa View., Arctia festiva Hufn., Arctia villica L. Family Sphingidae: Deilephila porcellus L., D. elpenor L., Sphinx pinastri L., Sphinx ligustri L., Mimas tiliae L., Hyles hippophaes Esp., Macroglossum stellatarum L., Laothoe populi L. The study was performed within the project 15.817.02.12F financed by ASM.