Особенности реализации преюдициальной процедуры в европейском суде по правам человека
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СЕЛЕЗНЁВ, Виталий. Особенности реализации преюдициальной процедуры в европейском суде по правам человека . In: Legea şi Viaţa. 2013, nr. 12/4(264), pp. 136-139. ISSN 1810-309X.
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Legea şi Viaţa
Numărul 12/4(264) / 2013 / ISSN 1810-309X

Особенности реализации преюдициальной процедуры в европейском суде по правам человека

Pag. 136-139

Селезнёв Виталий
 
Национальный университет „Одесская юридическая Академия“
 
Disponibil în IBN: 13 ianuarie 2014


Rezumat

In article the theoretical research of features of realization of the preliminary procedure in the European court on human rights according to the Protocol No. 16 to the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms. The analysis of legal acts of the European Union and the Council of Europe is carried out on research of the procedure, subjects, objects of the preliminary procedure. Reveals features of the preliminary procedure in The Court of Justice of the European Union and in the European court on human rights. It is grounded that the realization of preliminary procedure in the European court on human rights has a several problems, their permission will allow to strengthen efficiency of the control mechanism of the Convention.

В статье проводится теоретическое исследование особенностей реализации преюдициальной процедуры в Европейском суде по правам человека согласно положениям Протокола № 16 к Конвенции о защите прав человека и основных свобод. Осуществляется анализ нормативно-правовых актов Европейского Союза и Совета Европы по исследованию процедуры, субъектов, объектов преюдициальной процедуры. Раскрываются отличительные черты преюдициальной процедуры в Суде Европейского Союза и в Европейском суде по правам человека. Обосновано, что реализация преюдициальной процедуры в Европейском суде по правам человека имеет ряд проблем, решение которых позволит усилить эффективность контрольного механизма Конвенции.

Cuvinte-cheie
Европейский Суд по правам человека,

преюдициальная процедура, Конвенция о защите прав человека и основных свобод

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<identifier identifierType='DOI'>10.5281/zenodo.3784354</identifier>
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<creator>
<creatorName>Postica, V.</creatorName>
<affiliation>Universitatea Tehnică a Moldovei, Moldova, Republica</affiliation>
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<creator>
<creatorName>Autor, N.</creatorName>
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<creator>
<creatorName>Schutt, F.</creatorName>
<affiliation>Institute for Material Science, Christian-Albrechts- University of Kiel, Germania</affiliation>
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<affiliation>Institute for Material Science, Christian-Albrechts- University of Kiel, Germania</affiliation>
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<creator>
<creatorName>Lupan, O.</creatorName>
<affiliation>Universitatea Tehnică a Moldovei, Moldova, Republica</affiliation>
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<title xml:lang='en'><p>Nanosensors based on individual hybrid structures and their application in gas sensing at room temperature</p></title>
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<publisher>Instrumentul Bibliometric National</publisher>
<publicationYear>2020</publicationYear>
<relatedIdentifier relatedIdentifierType='ISSN' relationType='IsPartOf'>2587-3474</relatedIdentifier>
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<subject>Hybrid materials</subject>
<subject>Nanosensors</subject>
<subject>gas sensor</subject>
<subject>ZnO</subject>
<subject>Room temperature</subject>
<subject>materiale hibride</subject>
<subject>nanosenzori</subject>
<subject>senzor de gaz</subject>
<subject>ZnO</subject>
<subject>temperatura camerei</subject>
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<description xml:lang='en' descriptionType='Abstract'><p>Because the commercialization of nanosensors in the field of gas sensing is still in its infancy, many efforts have been made to develop efficient methods to increase their performances. A special attention was paid to the increase of the sensitivity and selectivity of the gas nanosensors based on individual micro - or nanostructures using different strategies. In this work, the recent results in the field of high-performance gas nanosensors obtained by the research group from Centre for Nanotechnology and Nanosensors, Technical University of Moldova in collaboration with Kiel University, Germany are highlighted and summarized. The quasi-uni-dimensional (1-D) and three-dimensional (3-D) individual hybrid structures based on zinc oxide were integrated into nanodevices using a focused ion beam/scanning electron microscopy (FIB/SEM) instrument. The hybridization of the individual ZnO structures is shown to result in a considerable increase in gas response, as well as a change in selectivity to volatile organic compounds and ammonia. Particularly, an increase in hydrogen gas response (by about 2 times) was obtained by surface functionalization with ZnAl2O4 nanoparticles, while a change in selectivity to ethanol vapors and ammonia was obtained by surface functionalization with Fe2O3 nanoparticles or buckminster fullerenes (C60) and carbon nanotubes (CNTs), respectively. The obtained results provide new avenues for the rational engineering of gas nanosensors by the use of hybrid nanomaterial systems with enhanced synergistic catalytic behavior and potential barrier manipulation.</p></description>
<description xml:lang='en' descriptionType='Abstract'><p>Deoarece comercializarea micro- și nano-senzorilor &icirc;n domeniul detectării gazelor este &icirc;ncă &icirc;n stare incipientă, s-au depus multe eforturi pentru a dezvolta metode eficiente de control a performanţelor acestora. O atenţie deosebită a fost acordată creșterii sensibilităţii și selectivităţii nanosenzorilor de gaze pe baza micro - sau nanostructurilor individuale de oxizi semiconductori, utiliz&acirc;nd diferite strategii. &Icirc;n lucrarea dată sunt evidenţiate și rezumate rezultatele recente &icirc;n domeniul nanosenzorilor de gaz de &icirc;naltă performanţă, obţinuţi de grupul de cercetare de la Centrul de Nanotehnologii și Nanosenzori (CNN), Universitatea Tehnică a Moldovei (UTM) &icirc;n colaborare cu Universitatea Kiel, Germania. Structurile hibride individuale cvasi-uni-dimensionale (1-D) și tridimensionale (3-D) pe bază de oxid de zinc (ZnO) au fost integrate &icirc;n micro - și nanodispozitive folosind microscopia electronică asociată cu fascicolul focusat de ioni (FIB / SEM). Formarea structurilor individuale hibride pe bază de ZnO are ca rezultat o creștere considerabilă a răspunsului la gaze, precum și o schimbare a selectivităţii la compuși organici volatili și amoniac. &Icirc;n special, a fost obţinută o creștere a răspunsului la gazul de hidrogen (de aproximativ 2 ori) prin funcţionalizarea suprafeţei cu nanoparticule de ZnAl2O4, &icirc;n timp ce o schimbare a selectivităţii la vaporii de etanol și la amoniac a fost obţinută prin funcţionalizarea suprafeţei cu nanoparticule de Fe2O3 sau fullerene buckminster (C60) și nanotuburi de carbon (CNT), respectiv. Rezultatele obţinute oferă noi căi pentru ingineria micro - și nano-senzorilor de gaze prin utilizarea nanomateriale hibride individuale cu un comportament catalitic sinergic &icirc;mbunătăţit și o modulare eficientă a barierilor de potenţial.</p></description>
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