Management of Superficial Vein Thrombosis in Patients with Varicose Veins: A Survey among Members of National Surgical Society from Republic of Moldova
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BZOVÎI, Florin; CASIAN, Dumitru; CULIUC, Vasile; GUTSU, Eugene. Management of Superficial Vein Thrombosis in Patients with Varicose Veins: A Survey among Members of National Surgical Society from Republic of Moldova . In: Vascular Specialist International. 2020, nr. 2(36), pp. 105-111. ISSN 2288-7970.
10.5758/vsi.200021
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Vascular Specialist International
Numărul 2(36) / 2020 / ISSN 2288-7970 /ISSNe 2288-7989

Management of Superficial Vein Thrombosis in Patients with Varicose Veins: A Survey among Members of National Surgical Society from Republic of Moldova


DOI: https://doi.org/10.5758/vsi.200021
Pag. 105-111

Bzovîi Florin, Casian Dumitru, Culiuc Vasile, Gutsu Eugene
 
”Nicolae Testemițanu” State University of Medicine and Pharmacy
 
Disponibil în IBN: 15 august 2020


Rezumat

Purpose

Management of superficial vein thrombosis (SVT) in patients with varicose veins (VV) is not currently standardized. We performed a survey aimed to demonstrate patterns in the management of SVT in the Republic of Moldova.

Materials and Methods

This was a descriptive study whereby members of the National Surgical Society were asked to complete an online questionnaire. In the questionnaire, multiple-choice questions were supplemented with four clinical vignettes of real patients with SVT.

Results

The questionnaire was completed by 102 participants (31.1% response rate). In the treatment of SVT, duplex ultrasound was routinely used by 74.5% of respondents, and anticoagulants were used by 70.5%. The full therapeutic dose of anticoagulants was recommended by 63.3% of surgeons, intermediate dose by 21.1%, and prophylactic dose by 15.6%. Only 50% of respondents were prescribed anticoagulants for 1 month or more. In case of surgical intervention for SVT, crossectomy and stripping were performed by 84.0% of surgeons, while isolated crossectomy by 10.7%. In all clinical vignettes, the majority of respondents opted for urgent surgical treatment. The rate of proponents of surgery varied from 43% in cases of isolated thrombosis of tributaries, and up to 72.5% in cases of thrombosis up to the sapheno-femoral junction.

Conclusion

Management of patients with SVT and VV in the Republic of Moldova is far from standardized. Prescribed doses of anticoagulants, as well as the duration of anticoagulation are highly variable and often contradict the recommendations of current guidelines. Urgent crossectomy and stripping dominate the pattern of current therapeutic approaches.



Cuvinte-cheie
Superficial vein thrombosis, varicose veins, Anticoagulation, surgery, Moldova