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FEDORCHENKO, Olena. Taphonomic ‘chronicles’: the case-study of Zaskalnaya VI site (layer III). In: Revista Arheologică. 2018, nr. 2(14), pp. 159-169. ISSN 1857-016X.
|Numărul 2(14) / 2018 / ISSN 1857-016X /ISSNe 2537-6144|
This paper presents the contextual taphonomic analysis of faunal remains from the Middle Paleolithic archaeological site of Zaskalnaya VI (layer III). Due to the mixed structure of the cultural layer and to topographical specificities, it is complicated to reconstruct subsistence episodes at the site. However, faunal remains are characterized by different degrees of preservation that could be explained by the influence of different taphonomic agents. There were at least three subsistence episodes, based on taphonomic analysis of faunal remains from layer III at Zaskalnaya VI. The first settlement episode was probably associated with mammoth remains. It is hard to assess whether the animals were scavenged or hunted. Despite the recovery of several bone fragments with splitting marks and evidence for their use as retouchers, most of the splitting marks are not convincing. Another episode of occupation at the site is associated with finds of Equus latipes bones. These bones presented splitting marks for marrow extraction, as well as cut marks and impact marks. The third episode is represented by remains of saiga (Saiga tatarica L., 1766) and Cervidae. Clear traces of anthropogenic modifications on these bones were not detected, although marks of modification by other carnivores were observed. This study shows that taphonomic analysis of faunal remains is productive in modelling subsistence practices at Zaskalnaya VI site.
Taphonomic analysis, Zaskalnaya VI site, the Middle Paleolithic, impact marks, contextual taphonomy.,
Analiza taphonomică, situl Zaskalnaya VI, paleolitic mijlociu, semne de impact, tafonomia contextuală.,
Тафономический анализ, стоянка Заскальная VI, средний палеолит, следы раскалывания кости, контекстуальная тафономия.