Low-cost sorbents for the removal of acid dyes from aqueous solutions
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Process Safety and Environmental Protection
Numărul 108 / 2017 / ISSN 0957-5820

Low-cost sorbents for the removal of acid dyes from aqueous solutions


DOI: 10.1016/j.psep.2016.05.016
Pag. 57-66

Cretescu Igor1, Lupascu Tudor2, Autor Nou1, Soreanu Gabriela1
 
1 Technical University “Gheorghe Asachi” Iaşi ,
2 Institute of Chemistry of the Academy of Sciences of Moldova
 
Disponibil în IBN: 17 decembrie 2018


Rezumat

Two activated carbons (ACs) derived from apple wood (AWAC) and peach stone (PSAC), and one keratinous material extracted from hydrolyzed wool (WHA) were tested for their adsorption capacity for Acid Red 337 (AR) and 1:2 chromium complex of Acid Blue 349 (AB). A commercial granular activated carbon (GAC) was chosen as reference sorbent. The sorbent characteristics, the dye concentration, the contact time and the working pH were the factors taken into consideration. The SEM images of AWAC and PSAC show different morphologies and pore structures. FTIR spectra of the WHA material did not indicate any drastic disruption of keratin macromolecule. The AR dye exhibited higher uptake as compared with the AB dye for all sorbents. The sorption capacity of the tested materials increased in sequence: AWAC < PSAC < WHA, with maximum uptake of 235.02 mg AR /g WHA and 122.83 mg AB /g WHA. Lowering the pH from 5 to 3 increased the dye uptake for all tested solids, to as much as 120.26%, for the AWAC-AB couple. The adsorption kinetics obeys the pseudo-second order model. The Langmuir model best fitted the experimental sorption isotherms and the free adsorption energy calculated from the Dubinin–Radushkevich model indicated physisorption. The present study suggests that the investigated waste-derived sorbents are effective for the removal of low molecular weight acid dyes from water.

Cuvinte-cheie
Acid dyes, Isotherm, Keratin waste, Lignocellulosic waste, sorption,

kinetic