Differentiated physical training within the framework of a yearly training cycle of young footballers specialized on the position of goalkeeper
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CARP, Ion; SÎRGHI, Sergiu; CIORBĂ, Constantin. Differentiated physical training within the framework of a yearly training cycle of young footballers specialized on the position of goalkeeper. In: Journal of Physical Education and Sport. 2018, nr. 1(18), pp. 270-275. ISSN -.
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Journal of Physical Education and Sport
Numărul 1(18) / 2018 / ISSN - /ISSNe 2247-8051

Differentiated physical training within the framework of a yearly training cycle of young footballers specialized on the position of goalkeeper


DOI: 10.7752/jpes.2018.01036
Pag. 270-275

Carp Ion1, Sîrghi Sergiu1, Ciorbă Constantin2
 
1 State University of Physical Education and Sport,
2 Ion Creanga Pedagogical State University of Chisinau
 
Disponibil în IBN: 8 mai 2018


Rezumat

Purpose: The main aim of this study was to find out the increase level of the differentiated special physical training for different age categories of footballers depending on their positions on the field, especially goalkeepers.Material: To achieve this objective we have carried out a complex testing of motor skills specific to the position of goalkeeper in number of 12, divided into the experimental group (n = 6) and the control group (n = 6). In the ascertaining experiment, complied with the requirements of CTYF “ Zimbru”, it was determined the physical growth (height and weight) and there were applied five motor tests for evaluating the physical training indices such as: sprint 10m, sprint 30m, long jump from standing, alternative speed running on the distance of 180m and resistance running 6 min. Results: Comparing the effects of applying the experimental program through the report of average results to the final testing in the experimental group and the control group, we can mention that the increase of the results of young goalkeepers is within the limits of the marks “good” for the experimental group and “medium” for the control group. Analyzing the results of junior goalkeepers, we see that the final results for testing the sprint 30m are significantly higher compared with the initial results (P<0,01). After processing the results of pedagogical experiment for testing force-speed, both the experimental group and the control group achieved significantly better results compared with the initial ones. Testing the goalkeepers’ resistance, we could notice essential improvement of the final results compared with the results of the initial test (P<0,05). The reason is that goalkeepers are those players who carry a heavy workload on the field and it requests an appropriate motor resistance. Conclusions: Following the review of the literature in the field, the teachers’ observations during the experiment and relying on survey data, there has been prioritized the development of physical qualities specific to young players on different game positions of goalkeepers, the ways of their manifestations, determining the specific differentiated physical training level in the course of one-year training cycle, which, in their turn, extend and complement the existing layout in the theory and methodology of sports training in football.

Cuvinte-cheie
Differentiated training, Goalkeeper, junior, Player’s field position in the game, special physical training,

football