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| SM ISO690:2012|
MARIN, Constantin; ŢÎRDEA, Bogdan. Dimensiunea capitalului social in Republica Moldova: intre modern si arhaic . In: Moldoscopie. 2008, nr. 1(40), pp. 63-77. ISSN 1812-2566.
|Numărul 1(40) / 2008 / ISSN 1812-2566|
The phenomenon of emergence of civil society in the Republic of Moldova is
in deep connection with the development of social capital. But, if we perceive
the social capital as a network of social relations, trust and rules, shared by all
the citizens of one country, the most difficult thing is to evaluate the level of its
development in the Republic of Moldova. We think that it is wrong to say that
there is no social capital at all in Republic of Moldova, as some researches do.
Nevertheless, the level and power of social capital in our country is still quiet
week, but some positive trends can be seen. In order to measure the level of the
development of social capital, we applied a methodology proposed by Putnam
and other researchers of this phenomemon (Primary factors of the Social Capital,
as generalised trust, membership in the NGO (associativenees) interes in
politics, and patriotism. From this point of view, we have a very weak, and fragmentarian
capital, existing in a restricted area of clan, social group, a network
of relatives etc. But this capital does not turn into a „generalised trust”. That΄s
why a fragmentarian political culture still exists in Republica Moldova. But if
we take into account the secondary factors of the social capital, we have to admit,
that Republic of Moldova has good opportunities in moving forvard. Nevertheless,
the multicultural approach, shows a very poor level of social capital
among moldavians, and a higher level among russians and especially ucrainians.