The Typical Cernozem Soils Of The Balti Steppe As World Heritage
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2020-06-19 10:51
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BOINCEAN, Boris; DENT, David. The Typical Cernozem Soils Of The Balti Steppe As World Heritage. In: Patrimoniul cultural de ieri – implicații in dezvoltarea societatii durabile de maine dedicată zilelor europene ale patrimoniului. Ediția a 1-a, 23-24 septembrie 2019, Chişinău. Chișinău, Republica Moldova: Biblioteca Naţională a Republicii Moldova, 2019, p. 82. ISBN 978-9975-3290-4-0.
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Patrimoniul cultural de ieri – implicații in dezvoltarea societatii durabile de maine
Ediția a 1-a, 2019
Conferința "Patrimoniul cultural de ieri – implicații în dezvoltarea societății durabile de mâine"
Chişinău, Moldova, 23-24 septembrie 2019

The Typical Cernozem Soils Of The Balti Steppe As World Heritage


Pag. 82-82

Boincean Boris1, Dent David2
 
1 Alecu Russo Bălţi State University,
2 Wageningen University and Research
 
Disponibil în IBN: 26 februarie 2020


Rezumat

The Chernozem is the best arable soil in the world and, historically, the breadbasket of Europe and North America. Republic of Moldova is a unique country in all over the world with almost 80% of the territory covered with Chernozems. The Chernozem of the Balti Steppe is closely associated with the foundation of soil science by Dokuceaev V. V. in the late 19th century. During his expedition in Basarabia he described the soil of this locality as “first class” and typical in its great thickness, structure and stock of humus. During the last century and a half, under increasingly industrial farming, Chernozem soils have undergone profound but largely un-noticed changes that threaten the stability of the whole agroecosystem. Long-term field experiments conducted on the territory of Selection Research Institute of Field Crops as a state property are monitoring the impact of different agricultural practices (crop rotations, monocultures, different systems of tillage, fertilization, irrigation in crop rotations) on crop productivity and soil fertility. The generalized data from the long-term field experiments in Balti demonstrate the negative influence of human activities on the productivity and ecological functionality of Chernozem and, also, ways in which this functionality and fertility may be restored. The Typical Chernozem from the Balti Steppe was included in the tentative list of UNESCO. It has the description, justification of outstanding universal value, statement of authenticity and/or integrity and comparison with other similar properties.