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|Социальная структура. Общество как социальная система (594)|
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HRUŞCIOV, Elena. Population ageing determinants in the Republic of Moldova and selected European countries. In: Economie şi Sociologie. 2017, nr. 1-2, pp. 148-158. ISSN 1857-4130.
|Economie şi Sociologie|
|Numărul 1-2 / 2017 / ISSN 1857-4130|
|JEL: J11, J13, J19|
The article presents the results of the research on the determinant factors of demographic aging in the Republic of Moldova and some European countries (Italy, Germany, Czech Republic, Ukraine and Belarus). The results showed that in Italy, Germany and the Czech Republic the deepening of the aging process is associated with a significant increase of the life expectancy at advanced ages. Despite the fact that the decline in fertility contributes to the changing of the age structure and aging of population, migration flows reduce the negative effects of changes in the age structure and prevent the decline of the population. In Eastern European countries – Ukraine, Belarus and Moldova, the reduced tempo of decreasing mortality and increasing life expectancy at the advanced ages does not contribute to the demographic aging from "top". The decline in fertility, the peculiarities of age structure and emigration are the main factors of demographic aging and population decline.
demographic aging, mortality, Fertility, migration, age structure