Măsuri de eradicare a rabiei în fauna sălbatică din Republica Moldova
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SÎRBU, Maxim, STARCIUC, Nicolae. Măsuri de eradicare a rabiei în fauna sălbatică din Republica Moldova. In: One Health and Risk Management, 2021, nr. 2(4), pp. 101-104. ISSN 2587-3458. DOI: https://doi.org/10.38045/ohrm.2021.4.10
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One Health and Risk Management
Numărul 2(4) / 2021 / ISSN 2587-3458 /ISSNe 2587-3466

Măsuri de eradicare a rabiei în fauna sălbatică din Republica Moldova

Rabies eradication measures in wildlife in the Republic of Moldova

DOI:https://doi.org/10.38045/ohrm.2021.4.10
CZU: [619:616.98:578.824+615.37](478)

Pag. 101-104

Sîrbu Maxim, Starciuc Nicolae
 
Universitatea Agrară de Stat din Moldova
 
 
Disponibil în IBN: 18 octombrie 2021


Rezumat

Introduction. Rabies is one of the most dangerous zoonoses in the world with a lethality rate around 100% of infected animals. The main factor in rabies’ control is the prophylactic immunization of domestic and wild carnivores. Material and methods. As a research material for this manuscript, a number of rabies cases in wildlife over the last 5 years was studied, as well as some data from the national program regarding the vaccination of wildlife animals in the Republic of Moldova. Results. The anual incidence of rabies in wildlife was determined to range between 12 to 25% of the total number of rabies cases at national level. Due to vaccination by combining some methods (aerial and manual), the incidence of positive cases of rabies in wildlife has decreased by 48% in the last 5 years. Conclusions. The use of the mixed vaccination method of wildlife animals (manual and the distribution of baits by plane) contributed significantly to reducing the incidence of rabies in wildlife.

Introducere. Rabia rămâne una dintre cele mai periculoase zoonozele la nivel global, cu o rată a letalității de 100%. Factorul principal în controlul rabiei îl constitue imunizarea profilactică a carnasierelor domestice și sălbatice. Material și metode. Materialul utilizat pentru această lucrare a fost reprezentat de datele primare colectate pe parcursul a cinci ani privind cazurile de rabie din fauna sălbatică, dar și datele cu privire la vaccinarea animalelor, extrase din programul național din Republica Moldova. Rezultate. Incidența anuală a cazurilor de rabie din fauna sălbatică constitue 12-25% din totalul cazurilor de rabie raportate la nivel național. Datorită vaccinarii prin metoda combinată (aeriană și manuală) în ultimii 5 ani incidența rabiei din fauna sălbat ică s-a redus cu 48%. Concluzii. Utilizarea metodei mixte de vaccinare a animalelor sălbatice (manual și distribuirea momelelor cu avionul) a contribuit semnificativ la reducerea incidenței rabiei în fauna sălbatică.

Cuvinte-cheie
rabies, foxes, virus, vaccination, incidence,

rabie, vulpi, virus, Vaccinare, incidenţă

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