Use of chickpeas aquafaba in the technology of manufacturing vegetal sponge cake
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Ultima descărcare din IBN:
2022-12-15 13:57
SM ISO690:2012
MAZUR, Mihail; SANDULACHI, Elisaveta; PATRAȘ, Antoanela; GHENDOV-MOŞANU, Aliona. Use of chickpeas aquafaba in the technology of manufacturing vegetal sponge cake. In: Intelligent Valorisation of Agro-Food Industrial Wastes. 7-8 octombrie 2021, Chişinău. Chişinău: Tipografie „MS Logo” SRL, 2021, p. 48. ISBN 978-9975-3464-2-9.
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Intelligent Valorisation of Agro-Food Industrial Wastes 2021
Conferința "Intelligent Valorisation of Agro-Food Industrial Wastes"
Chişinău, Moldova, 7-8 octombrie 2021

Use of chickpeas aquafaba in the technology of manufacturing vegetal sponge cake


Pag. 48-48

Mazur Mihail1, Sandulachi Elisaveta1, Patraș Antoanela2, Ghendov-Moşanu Aliona1
 
1 Technical University of Moldova,
2 “Ion Ionescu de la Brad” Iasi University of Life Sciences
 
Proiect:
20.80009.5107.09 Ameliorarea calității și siguranței alimentelor prin biotehnologie și inginerie alimentară
 
Disponibil în IBN: 18 octombrie 2021


Rezumat

The aquafaba is a viscous liquid from canned resulting from the cooking of the beans. Usually, it is not consumed and presents food waste. This ingredient contains an important source of soluble protein. In the Republic of Moldova, essential quantities of leguminous products are grown, annually about 51 thousand tons. Local canning factories annually produce imposing quantities of canned chickpeas, beans, green peas, etc. Aquafaba constitutes about 40% of the total mass of a canned beans. This fact allows for the widespread use of aquafaba in the manufacture of plant food products. Replacing foaming agents of animal origin with those of plant origin, allows the food manufacture for consumers-vegetarians and vegans or can be consumed during the fasting period. The purpose of this study was to research the possibility of replacing eggs with cooking water of the chickpeas (aquafaba), as a foaming agent of plant origin, in the manufacture of vegetable sponge. The aquafaba, from canned chickpeas from different manufacturers, was used for the research. Organoleptic indices and quality indicators of canned chickpeas were analyzed. The rheological properties of the foam obtained from aquafaba, and egg white were studied. It has been shown that the textural properties and stability of aquafaba foam depend on canning technology and chickpea varieties. The volume and stability of the foam was compared with those obtained with egg white. The influence of the beating time on the stability of the foam obtained from aquafaba and egg white was investigated. It was found that to obtain a stable foam from aquafaba, it is necessary to increase the beating time in relation to the foam obtained from egg white. The same trends were observed in the case of foaming capacity. To obtain the vegetal sponge cake, the technology and the classic manufacturing recipe were used, in which egg white was replaced with chickpeas aquafaba. From a sensory point of view, the vegetal sponge cake had a color and texture similar to the sponge cake prepared with egg white, but less elastic, with a pleasant taste and smell. Physico-chemical indicators and microbiological stability during storage were analyzed. The chromatic parameters were also analyzed to compare the samples of sponge cake of vegetable origin with that of animal origin. Following the research, it was found that chickpeas aquafaba obtained from canned food can be used in the manufacture of pastries, being a potential solution for obtaining vegetable foods.

Cuvinte-cheie
chickpeas, aquafaba, vegetal sponge cake, Quality