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|Негосударственные организации и объединения. Частные организации, общества, ассоциации, движения и др. (56)|
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VARCHENKO, Olga; KRYSANOV, Dmytro; TKACHENKO, Katerina. Institutional transformations and efficiency of the agricultural sector of Ukraine. In: The Scientific Journal of Cahul State University “Bogdan Petriceicu Hasdeu” Economic and Engineering Studies. 2020, nr. 2(8), pp. 49-66. ISSN 2587-313X.
|The Scientific Journal of Cahul State University “Bogdan Petriceicu Hasdeu” Economic and Engineering Studies|
|Numărul 2(8) / 2020 / ISSN 2587-313X /ISSNe 2587-3121|
|JEL: E02, Q15|
The article analyzes the essence, key components and the process of formation of the institutional environment, which began after the destruction of the planned-directive economy, and the formation of a market economy. In this context, the procedure for classification of business entities by main types of economic activity and their statistical accounting in the branches of primary production and industry for the production of food, beverages and tobacco products adopted in Ukraine is revealed in detail. The results of generalization of changes in the organizational structure of business entities under the influence of the formation of a holistic and balanced institutional environment from 2000 to the present are highlighted. Weak competitiveness, low efficiency and insufficient resistance to difficult conditions of such business structures as production cooperatives, state enterprises, farms and even personal farms have been established. At the same time, despite the increased exogenous and endogenous turbulence of the national economy, including the agricultural sector, private enterprises and other forms of economic activity were much more stable and even widespread, indicating their much higher adaptability to the market system. The role of agricultural holdings as an effective subject of concentration of dispersed resources of agriculture, especially land, as well as an effective intermediary for establishing direct links and development of integration processes between raw materials and processing industries to ensure the production of finished foods. The reasons for the prolonged entry of agriculture to the level of production in the base year and more than three times faster - the processing industry, as well as the role of factors that allowed much lower indicators of its economic efficiency compared to primary production.
institutional environment, organizational structure of entities, Agriculture, food industry, types of economic activity, production efficiency