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TARABURCA, Emilia. Experimentul în dramaturgia din secolul al XX-lea. In: Intertext . 2020, nr. 1-2(53-54), pp. 79-87. ISSN 1857-3711.
|Numărul 1-2(53-54) / 2020 / ISSN 1857-3711|
From Antiquity to the end of nineteenth century, the art of scenic representation, theoretically motivated still by Aristotle in Poetics, has not registered major changes. In twentieth century there is a revolution that seems to try to recover everything that has not been achieved in over two thousand years. The most obvious are the experiments of modernists, whose innovations refer not only to the modification of the content structure and to the characters reconfiguration, but also to the entire directorial conception.The article researches: - the innovative character of the Dadaist shows recepted by the contemporaries as true public scandals with the aim of discrediting by means of parody traditional dramatic representations, - the scenic experiments of surrealism, the theater of cruelty, which through the ritual of violence and cruelty has pursued to renounce any moral obligations and arguments in order to awaken man from emotional hibernation and to discover mystical and metaphysical surreality, - the Theater of Absurd that brought the techniques of artistic experiments to the maximum degree of deconstruction, in the tragic farces simulating an anti-world populated with antiheroes. The experiment in the dramaturgy of twentieth century has also targeted the traditional one. In this context, epic theater is researched, which, announcing itself as non-aristotelian and experimental and aiming to create a synthesis art that will determine the spectator to think and take attitude, inclusively by means of the "effect of detachment", has been also included into the tendency of drama reform.
theater, dramaturgy, experiment, modernism, Theater of Absurd, epic theater