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VIZITEI, Nicolae; MANOLACHI, Veaceslav. The idea of Greek Olympism and its historical and cultural variations. In: Ştiinţa Culturii Fizice. 2019, nr. 34(2), pp. 41-46. ISSN 1857-4114.
|Ştiinţa Culturii Fizice|
|Numărul 34(2) / 2019 / ISSN 1857-4114 /ISSNe 2537-6438|
Olympism is originally a philosophy of life of the ancient Greek, an ethical attitude in accordance with which he asserts himself in the space of social and cosmological relations. The essence of such relations is the struggle, rivalry of opposing principles, their mutual denial, as well as their unity, which is accomplished in compliance with the eternal laws, and therefore - justice. Greek identifies himself as the subject of this justice, as a factor in the world formation. Rivalry, agonality is an element that penetrates all spheres of Greek life. It is significant that it is accented as an effort directed to the outside world, requiring athleticism, the manifestation of which serves as the basis for Greek self-affirmation. The Greek is looking for a situation that requires maximum activity from him, and as such finds the rivalry of man with fate. Here, a person in the external plan of events is always doomed to lose, but in which internally he can triumph: to remain a Greek, a man who enthusiastically affirms life even in its most tragic manifestations, who does not kneel before fate. It is also significant that of all the interactions in which the Greek is included, it is sport that acts as a competition in which the agonal situation is presented most visibly, concentrated and clearly and which therefore can act as a ritual, by making which a person gets the opportunity to fully experience the situation of true self-realization. Indeed, sport intensifies two basic aspirations of a person: to actualize the experience of personal uniqueness and at the same time – a feeling of complete identity with those people who are open to him in direct and (or) indirect contact. Sport is the ultimate individualization in complicity and the ultimate complicity in individual realization. It puts a person before the need for the most complete coordination of his fundamental aspirations.
agon, Olympism, Sports competitions