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|Structură socială. Societatea ca sistem social (573)|
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MITROFANOVA, Anastasia. Social work of religious organizations in a contemporary state (the case of Russia). In: The contemporary issues of the socio-humanistic sciences. X, 5-6 decembrie 2019, Chişinău. Chişinău: Tipografia "Print Caro", 2019, pp. 42-43. ISBN 978-9975-3371-4-4.
|The contemporary issues of the socio-humanistic sciences
Conferința "International Scientific Conference dedicated to the 20th anniversary of the foundation of Faculty of Social and Educational Sciences: ch" |
Chişinău, Moldova, 5-6 decembrie 2019
The presentation is devoted to the study of the social work of Orthodox and Orthodox-oriented public organizations in a crisis of a social state. Post-Soviet society is characterized by social decay, which is accompanied by a crisis of state institutions. The Soviet period was distinguished by the preponderance of the state over other social institutions (family, community, work collective), which led to their decline; Ultimately, the post-Soviet crisis of statehood caused a general crisis of sociality. Having lost the protection of the state, and not being able to turn to intermediate institutions, the post-Soviet person is left alone with hostile forces outside his control, and often resortes to deviant ways to get out of the situation (participation in criminal communities, destructive religious groups, alcohol, drugs, etc.). .d.). At the same time, a new sociality is being formed in post-Soviet society, which is no longer fully mediated by the state, but is based on the restoration and strengthening of intermediate social institutions, including religious communities and religiously affiliated non-profit organizations. The report emphasized the difference between the current situation and the pre-revolutionary period, when the Church acted as a bearer of moral monopoly, and the recipient of assistance was seen as a repentant sinner and an object of correction, first of all. Currently, religious organizations operate under the conditions of worldview pluralism, which minimizes the moralizing element, making the main goal of their work the restoration of social solidarity. First of all, solidarity is restored between activists of the organization, secondly, between activists and the circle of clients of social work, and - finally - in a "big society" outside the social project. At the same time, although the post-Soviet social state is in crisis, the author of the report does not believe that it is a question of its complete liquidation, since the state’s resources in the field of social support obviously exceed the capabilities of public organizations. The question arises of partnerships between the state and religiously affiliated NGOs, which is already being implemented in Russia and other post-Soviet states in the form of a system of tenders for the provision of social services. In addition, religious organizations respond more quickly to social needs and often work in gray areas where state penetration is low (for example, supporting women in crisis situations).
religious organization, orthodox, social work, church