Seroprevalence and risk assessment of viral hepatitis e infection in a group of exposed persons from Republic of Moldova
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SAJIN, Octavian; SPÎNU, Constantin; PYNZARU, Iu.; ISAC, Maria; SPÎNU, Igor; GUŢU, Veaceslav; PARASCHIV, Angela; SUVEICĂ, Luminiţa. Seroprevalence and risk assessment of viral hepatitis e infection in a group of exposed persons from Republic of Moldova. In: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries. 2019, nr. 5(13), pp. 461-464. ISSN 1169-8330.
10.3855/jidc.11397
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Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
Numărul 5(13) / 2019 / ISSN 1169-8330 /ISSNe 2036-6590

Seroprevalence and risk assessment of viral hepatitis e infection in a group of exposed persons from Republic of Moldova


DOI: 10.3855/jidc.11397
Pag. 461-464

Sajin Octavian1, Spînu Constantin1, Pynzaru Iu.1, Isac Maria2, Spînu Igor1, Guţu Veaceslav1, Paraschiv Angela3, Suveică Luminiţa3
 
1 National Agency for Public Health,
2 National Center of Public Health,
3 ”Nicolae Testemițanu” State University of Medicine and Pharmacy
 
Disponibil în IBN: 31 octombrie 2019


Rezumat

Introduction: Viral hepatitis E is considered to be an important issue for public health in developing countries. The aim of the present study is to evaluate morbidity and risk factors in occupationally exposed groups such as people working on sausage production. Methodology: Seroprevalence of HEV (hepatitis E virus) and risk factors to infection were determined in a cross-sectional study of two groups of populations: People working on sausage production (n = 70) and persons without occupational exposure (people working in the textile industry n = 70) in Moldova, a country without reported cases of hepatitis E. Results: The seroprevalence of HEV was 14.3% (CI 95%, 13.1-15.5%) in the group of exposed, compared with no cases in the non-exposed group that indicates on no previous infectious contact with hepatitis E virus. Conclusions: The increased seroprevalence of HEV among persons with occupational exposure to swine meat suggest animal-to-human transmission of this infection.

Cuvinte-cheie
Anti-HEV IgG antibodies, Hepatitis E virus, Moldova, occupational exposure