Antimicrobial activity of sea Buckthorn powder against four pathogenic bacteria strains
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2020-03-31 20:53
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GHENDOV-MOŞANU, Aliona; COJOCARI, Daniela; BALAN, Greta; TURCULEȚ, Nadejda; SANDULACHI, Elizaveta; STURZA, Rodica. Antimicrobial activity of sea Buckthorn powder against four pathogenic bacteria strains. In: Achievements and perspectives of modern chemistry. 9-11 octombrie 2019, Chişinău. Chisinau, Republic of Moldova: Tipografia Academiei de Ştiinţe a Moldovei, 2019, p. 39. ISBN 978-9975-62-428-2.
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Achievements and perspectives of modern chemistry 2019
Conferința "International Conference "Achievements and perspectives of modern chemistry""
Chişinău, Moldova, 9-11 octombrie 2019

Antimicrobial activity of sea Buckthorn powder against four pathogenic bacteria strains


Pag. 39-39

Ghendov-Moşanu Aliona1, Cojocari Daniela2, Balan Greta2, Turculeț Nadejda1, Sandulachi Elizaveta1, Sturza Rodica1
 
1 Technical University of Moldova,
2 ”Nicolae Testemițanu” State University of Medicine and Pharmacy
 
Disponibil în IBN: 31 octombrie 2019


Rezumat

Plants present a source of natural antimicrobial agents. Plant bioactive molecules can interact with organisms in their environment and can act against pathogenic microorganisms. In this present study, sea buckthorn powder was investigated against four pathogenic bacteria strains: Bacillus subtilis ATCC 6633, Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 25923, Escherichia coli ATCC 25922 and Klebsiella pneumonia ATCC 13883. The chemical composition and antiradical activity of the hydroalcoholic and liposoluble sea buckthorn extracts were investigated. The hydroalcoholic extract of sea buckthorn contained polyphenols 9.34±0.65 mg GAE/g, tannins 27.72±1.25 mg TAE/g and the antiradical activity was 93.65±2.17 % of inhibited DPPH. The liposoluble extract of sea buckthorn has contained beta-carotene 7.20±0.32 mg/L, lycopene 7.37±0.18 mg/L and the antiradical activity was 68.07 ± 3.72% of inhibited DPPH. The sea buckthorn powder showed an antimicrobial activity pronounced against Staphylococcus aureus and Bacillus subtilis. In the case of Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae antimicrobial activity of plant powder was low. The sea buckthorn powder showed the inhibitory activity against pathogenic bacteria strains in the following series: Staphylococcus aureus>Bacillus subtilis>Escherichia coli>Klebsiella pneumonia. This phenomenon is explained by the fact that Staphylococcus aureus and Bacillus subtilis are Gram-positive bacteria and Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae - Gram-negative bacteria. Thus, Gram-positive bacteria are more sensitive to the action of sea buckthorn powder than Gram-negative bacteria. It was found that a 1.0% addition of sea buckthorn powder reduced the risk of appearance of ropiness in wheat flour bread caused by Bacillus subtilis. The investigated sea buckthorn powder has shown promising antimicrobial potential against pathogenic microorganisms and can be used in the food industry.