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|Producție și servicii în funcție de sectoarele economice (718)|
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KOVALENKO, Olga; YASHCHENKO, Lyudmila; VERBYTSKYI, Sergii. Smart technologies of food production in the system of global technological waves. In: The Scientific Journal of Cahul State University “Bogdan Petriceicu Hasdeu” Economic and Engineering Studies. 2019, nr. 1(5), pp. 56-63. ISSN 2587-313X.
|The Scientific Journal of Cahul State University “Bogdan Petriceicu Hasdeu” Economic and Engineering Studies|
|Numărul 1(5) / 2019 / ISSN 2587-313X /ISSNe 2587-3121|
|JEL: O33, Q13|
The concept of a technological wave, as a set of technologies characteristic of a certain level of production development, and scientific and technological progress, as a transition from lower waves to more progressive ones, is characterized. The traits of 6 existing technological waves now are given, it is indicated that in developed countries technologies of the 5th wave are dominating and technologies 6 technological waves are being formed, but in Ukraine about 95% of the production volume belongs to the third (60%) and fourth (35%) technological waves when the share of products of higher technological waves is 4% only. The necessity of introducing e-agriculture in Ukraine, which is understood as the planning, development and application of information and communication technologies in agricultural production and food industry, is noted. The state of innovative development throughout the world is analyzed. It is concluded that the more developed a country is, the more attention it pays to investing in innovative development. For Ukraine, it is advisable to pay attention to the development of renewable energy sources and resource-saving technologies, as well as to more actively use digital and nanotechnologies, in particular artificial intelligence, in the production of food raw materials and products.
smart technologies, technological wave, innovative development, e-agriculture, precision agriculture, food industry, information and communication technologies