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HAZANI, Nur Nadira; MOHD, Yusairie; SHEIKH AHMAD IZADDIN, Sheikh Mohd Ghazali; DZULKIFLI, Nur Nadia. Electrochemical studies of thiosemicarbazone derivative and its tin(IV) complex as corrosion inhibitor for mild steel in 1 m hydrochloric acid. In: Chemistry Journal of Moldova. 2019, nr. 1(14), pp. 98-106. ISSN 1857-1727.
|Chemistry Journal of Moldova|
|Numărul 1(14) / 2019 / ISSN 1857-1727 /ISSNe 2345-1688|
The inhibitive effects of 2-acetylpyridine-4-ethyl-3-thiosemicarbazone (HAcETSc) and dichlorophenyltin(IV) 2-acetylpyridine-4-ethyl-3-thiosemicarbazone (Sn(HAcETSc)PhenCl2) for mild steel in 1 M HCl solution at different concentrations were investigated using electrochemical measurements and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) analysis. The result of electrochemical measurement found that the inhibition efficiency increased with inhibitors’ concentration. Polarisation data showed that the maximum inhibition efficiencies of HAcETSc and Sn(HAcETSc)PhenCl2 were 71.31% and 88.44% respectively. Moreover, both inhibitors were categorised into a mixed-type inhibitor based on polarisation data. The electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) data showed that the maximum inhibition efficiencies of HAcETSc and Sn(HAcETSc)PhenCl2 were 64.80% and 87.81% respectively. The adsorption process of inhibitor on mild steel follows Langmuir adsorption isotherm with values of R2= 0.954 and R2= 0.992 for HAcETSc and Sn(HAcETSc)PhenCl2, respectively. The Gibbs free energy of adsorption gave a negative value, -3.76 kJ mol-1 for HAcETSc and -3.57 kJ mol-1 for Sn(HAcETSc)PhenCl2 which indicated that the adsorption process occurred spontaneously and the compounds were adsorbed by the process of physical adsorption on the metal surface. SEM studies revealed that the protective film formed on the mild steel surface agreed with the result shown in EIS. The results clarified that Sn(HAcETSc)PhenCl2 had a better inhibitive effect than HAcETSc.
2-acetylpyridine, thiosemicarbazone, tin(IV) complex, mild steel, corrosion