Analysis of the specific physical training influence on the technical execution of double salto backward on the floor
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POTOP, Vladimir; CREŢU, Marian; BUFTEA, Victor; ULĂREANU, Marius-Viorel. Analysis of the specific physical training influence on the technical execution of double salto backward on the floor. In: Journal of Physical Education and Sport. 2018, nr. 5(18), pp. 2186-2192. ISSN -.
10.7752/jpes.2018.s5330
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Journal of Physical Education and Sport
Numărul 5(18) / 2018 / ISSN - /ISSNe 2247-8051

Analysis of the specific physical training influence on the technical execution of double salto backward on the floor


DOI: 10.7752/jpes.2018.s5330
Pag. 2186-2192

Potop Vladimir1, Creţu Marian2, Buftea Victor3, Ulăreanu Marius-Viorel4
 
1 Ecological University of Bucharest,
2 University of Pitesti,
3 State University of Physical Education and Sport,
4 School and University Sports Federation
 
Disponibil în IBN: 25 iunie 2019


Rezumat

Purpose. This paper intends to show the influence of the specific physical training on the biomechanical characteristics of the double salto backward on the floor executed by the 14 to 17 years old female gymnasts. Methods. A number of 8 female gymnasts aged 14 to 17 years, members of the Olympic gymnastics team of Romania in 2014, finalists in the floor event of the Romanian Artistic Gymnastics National Championships, Bucharest, 2014, participated in this study. For the assessment of the specific physical training there were used 7 test events measuring the development of the following motor skills: strength-speed; force and specific endurance. There were also analyzed (by means of Kinovea and Physics ToolKit programs) 12 double saltos backward meant to highlight the kinematic and dynamic characteristics on the floor. Results. The results of Pearson’s linear parametric correlative analysis reveal strong connections between the inertia of rotation and Test 1 at p<0.01 and Test 6 at p<0.01 and moderate connections between the indicators of movement radius of toes with Tests 6 and 7, between RM, shoulders with Tests 1 and 6; strong connections between the multiplication of body posture (MP) at p<0.05, moderate connections between the launching posture and Test 5; between MP and Test 7; strong connections between the indicators of the dynamic characteristics of force resultant within MP, GCG (F, N) and Test 1 (cm) at p<0.05, Test 2 at p<0.05, Test 3 at p<0.05, Test 5 at p<0.05 and moderate connections between the indicators of the launching posture (LP, GCG, Ym), between multiplication of posture (MP, GCG, Ym) and Test 2 (cm), between MP, GCG, F, N and Test 4 (no. of reps); the connections between the other indicators are weak or even inexistent. Conclusions. The correlative linear analysis of the specific physical training indicators and the biomechanical characteristics of the double salto backward on the floor executed by the female gymnasts of 14 to 17 years old highlighted the level of connection between the studied indicators and their influence on the technical execution.

Cuvinte-cheie
biomechanics, correlation, gymnastics, motor skills, performance