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BALAN, Greta; PUŞCAŞ, Nicolae; BURDUNIUC, Aurelia; SPÎNU, Constantin; BURDUNIUC (POPA), Olga; BORTĂ, Vasile; RUDIC, Valeriu. Streptococcus Pneumoniae – epidemiology, risk factors and evolution of antimicrobial resistance. In: Microbial Biotechnology. Ediția 3, 12-13 octombrie 2016, Chișinău. Chișinău, Republica Moldova: Institutul de Microbiologie şi Biotehnologie, 2016, pp. 18-23.
Ediția 3, 2016
Conferința "Microbial Biotechnology" |
Chișinău, Moldova, 12-13 octombrie 2016
Streptococcus pneumoniae (pneumococcus) remains an important cause of pneumonia, meningitis, bacteremias, and acute otitis media worldwide. Antimicrobial resistance among pneumococci has escalated dramatically over the past three decades, and is influenced by patterns of antibiotic use, population density, and spread of a few international clones. Globally, antimicrobial resistance among pneumococci spread rapidly in the 1990s, reflecting dissemination of a few clones. The incidence of resistance varies considerably among different geographic regions and is influenced by patterns of antibiotic use, population density, and local prevalence of resistant strains. The use of specific antibiotic classes not only predisposes to resistance to that class but also may facilitate the emergence of resistance to unrelated antibiotic classes. Cautious usage of antibiotics may reduce the incidence of antibiotic-resistant pneumococci.
Streptococcus pneumoniae, antimicrobial resistance, risk factors