Role of glutathione in the photochemical self-purification processes of water systems
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2020-07-04 11:39
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LIS, Angela; GLADCHI, Viorica; DUCA, Gheorghe. Role of glutathione in the photochemical self-purification processes of water systems. In: Ecological and environmental chemistry 2017The 6th International Conference. 2-3 martie 2017, Chișinău. Chisinau, Republic of Moldova: Academy of Sciences of Moldova, 2017, p. 53.
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Ecological and environmental chemistry 2017 2017
Conferința "Ecological and environmental chemistry 2017"
Chișinău, Moldova, 2-3 martie 2017

Role of glutathione in the photochemical self-purification processes of water systems


Pag. 53-53

Lis Angela1, Gladchi Viorica1, Duca Gheorghe2
 
1 State University of Moldova,
2 Academy of Sciences of Moldova
 
Disponibil în IBN: 6 martie 2019


Rezumat

The purpose of the research is to highlight the influence of glutathione on the processes of natural waters self-purification. It is well known that glutathione has many important biological functions such as detoxifying, antioxidant, strengthens body's own immune system, etc. In this work they were studied photochemical transformations of glutathione on the model systemsGlutathione (GSH) was subjected to the direct photolysis, induced photolysis with OH radicals, generated by H2O2, and sensitized photolysis with humic substances, to the irradiation with different sources of artificial light in the presence and absence of cooper ions Cu(II). As the light source were used: UV lamp that emits monochromatic light with λ = 254 nm and λ = 365 nm and Solar Simulator, Oriel Model 9119X, with three different filters, that allowed studying the influence of the Solar radiation on the chemical transformations of the thiols. The kinetics of oxidation process of GSH was studied by means of spectrophotometric method, according to glutathione consumption, using Ellman's reagent. From the experimental results it has been found that glutathione is subjected to the direct photolysis, induced photolysis with OH radicals and sensitized photolysis with humic substances and the oxidation speed depends directly proportional to its concentration in the system, but more pronounced to the concentration of oxidant and of cooper ions and of the quantity and quality of emitted radiation. It was demonstrated that the rays emitted by the sun can initiate photochemical transformations of glutathione in the natural waters. To determine the self-purification process in the presence of glutathione was used treh method with competing reactions, using the dye of para-nitroso-dimethylaniline (PNDMA), possessing the "trap" properties for the OH radicals. It was demonstrated formation of OH radicals in the model systems, the concentration of which increased with increasing of substart, H2O2 and of cooper ions (Cu (II)) concentrations. The experimental results showed that glutathione on the one hand, adversely affect the self-purification capacity of the natural water, by the consumption of H2O2 and the binding of the transition metal in the stable compounds complexes and, but on the other hand, lead to an increase in the concentration of OH radicals in the process of photolysis.