Chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of the Levisticum officinale W.D.J. koch essential oil
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CIOCARLAN, Alexandru; DRAGALIN, Ion; ARICU, Aculina; LUPAŞCU, Lucian; CIOCARLAN, Nina; POPESCU, Violeta. Chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of the Levisticum officinale W.D.J. koch essential oil. In: Chemistry Journal of Moldova. 2018, nr. 2(13), pp. 63-68. ISSN 1857-1727.
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Chemistry Journal of Moldova
Numărul 2(13) / 2018 / ISSN 1857-1727 /ISSNe 2345-1688

Chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of the Levisticum officinale W.D.J. koch essential oil


CZU: 581.135.51:582.92
DOI: 10.19261/cjm.2018.514
Pag. 63-68

Ciocarlan Alexandru1, Dragalin Ion1, Aricu Aculina1, Lupaşcu Lucian1, Ciocarlan Nina2, Popescu Violeta3
 
1 Institute of Chemistry,
2 “Alexandru Ciubotaru” National Botanical Garden (Institute),
3 Moldova Tiraspol State University
 
Disponibil în IBN: 24 decembrie 2018


Rezumat

The chemical composition of industrially obtained Levisticum officinale W.D.J. Koch (lovage) essential oil of Moldovan origin was analysed by means of chromatographic (GC-MS) and spectral (IR, 1H and 13C NMR) methods. According to gas chromatography-mass spectrometry analysis of the studied essential oil, thirty-two known and two unknown constituents were identified. The main components of L. officinale essential oil are monoterpenic hydrocarbons, which make up to 53.50% of the total number of components. L. officinale essential oil is also characterized by a high content of oxygenated monoterpenes (alcohols, cetones and esters), which reaches up to 33.60%. For the first time the presence of 6-butyl-cyclohepta-1,4-diene (0.56%) and 7-formyl-4-methyl-cumarine (0.15%) in lovage essential oil is reported. Antibacterial and antifungal activities of mentioned oil were evaluated in vitro on five strains of microorganisms. It was found that lovage volatile oil (L. officinale) exhibits high antibacterial and antifungal properties in the range of concentrations 0.015-0.030%.

Cuvinte-cheie
Levisticum officinale, GC-MS analysis, antibacterial activity, antifungal activity., essential oil