Air Pollution Study in the Republic of Moldova Using Moss Biomonitoring Technique
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ZINICOVSCAIA, Inga; HRAMCO, Constantin; DULIU, Octavian-Gheorghe; VERGEL, Konstantin; CULICOV, Otilia Ana; FRONTASYEVA, Marina; DUCA, Gheorghe. Air Pollution Study in the Republic of Moldova Using Moss Biomonitoring Technique. In: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology. 2017, nr. 2(98), pp. 262-269. ISSN 0007-4861.
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Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
Numărul 2(98) / 2017 / ISSN 0007-4861

Air Pollution Study in the Republic of Moldova Using Moss Biomonitoring Technique


DOI: 10.1007/s00128-016-1989-y
Pag. 262-269

Zinicovscaia Inga123, Hramco Constantin13, Duliu Octavian-Gheorghe14, Vergel Konstantin1, Culicov Otilia Ana15, Frontasyeva Marina1, Duca Gheorghe3
 
1 JOINT Institute of Nuclear Research,
2 Horia Hulubei National Institute for Physics and Nuclear Engineering, (IFIN-HH),
3 Institute of Chemistry of the Academy of Sciences of Moldova,
4 Universitatea din Bucureşti,
5 Institutul Naţional de Cercetare-Dezvoltare pentru Inginerie Electrică ICPE-CA
 
Disponibil în IBN: 29 iunie 2018


Rezumat

Moss biomonitoring using the species Hypnum cupressiforme (Hedw.) and Pleurocarpous sp was applied to study air pollution in the Republic of Moldova. A total of 41 elements (Na, Mg, Al, Cl, K, Ca, Sc, Ti, V, Cr, Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn, As, Se, Br, Rb, Sr, Zr, Cd, Sb, Cs, Ba, La, Ce, Nd, Sm, Eu, Gd, Tb, Tm, Yb, Hf, Ta, W, Pb, Th, and U) were determined by instrumental epithermal neutron activation analysis and atomic absorption spectrometry. Principal component analysis was used to identify and characterize different pollution sources. Geographical distribution maps were prepared to point out the regions most affected by air pollution and relate this to potential sources of contamination. Median values of the elements studied were compared with data from the European moss biomonitoring program. The cities of Chisinau and Balti were determined to experience particular environmental stress.

Cuvinte-cheie
atomic absorption spectrometry, Contamination factor, neutron activation analysis,

heavy metals