Analysis of arsenic and mercury content in human remains of the 16th and 17th centuries from Moscow Kremlin necropolises by neutron activation analysis at the IREN facility and the IBR-2 reactor FLNP JINR
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PANOVA, Tatyana; DMITRIEV, Andrey; BORZAKOV, Sergey; HRAMCO, Constantin. Analysis of arsenic and mercury content in human remains of the 16th and 17th centuries from Moscow Kremlin necropolises by neutron activation analysis at the IREN facility and the IBR-2 reactor FLNP JINR. In: Physics of Particles and Nuclei Letters. 2018, nr. 1(15), pp. 127-134. ISSN 1547-4771.
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Physics of Particles and Nuclei Letters
Numărul 1(15) / 2018 / ISSN 1547-4771

Analysis of arsenic and mercury content in human remains of the 16th and 17th centuries from Moscow Kremlin necropolises by neutron activation analysis at the IREN facility and the IBR-2 reactor FLNP JINR


DOI: 10.1134/S1547477118010132
Pag. 127-134

Panova Tatyana1, Dmitriev Andrey2, Borzakov Sergey23, Hramco Constantin24
 
1 Moscow Kremlin State Historical and Cultural Museum and Heritage Site, Moscow,
2 Joint Institute of Nuclear Research,
3 International University „Dubna",
4 Institute of Chemistry of the Academy of Sciences of Moldova
 
Disponibil în IBN: 22 februarie 2018


Rezumat

A neutron activation analysis (NAA) of three samples of human remains of the 16th and 17th centuries from the necropolises of the Moscow Kremlin has been carried out at FLNP JINR. The samples were irradiated at two facilities: the IREN source of resonance neutrons and the IBR-2 reactor. Spectra of the induced activity of the irradiated samples were measured by using the automatic measurement system developed at the Frank Laboratory of Neutron Physics (FLNP) of the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (JINR). This system consists of a high-purity germanium detector with spectrometric electronics, a sample changer, and control software. Mass fraction of arsenic, mercury, and some other elements were calculated using two NAA methods—relative and absolute. The obtained values confirm the fact of acute mercury poisoning of Anastasia Romanovna, the first wife of Tsar Ivan Vasil’evich the Terrible, the first Russian Tsarina (died in 1560). High levels of mercury were detected in the bone remains of Tsarevich Ivan Ivanovich (died in 1581), the son of Tsar Ivan the Terrible, and Prince Mikhail Vasil’evich Skopin-Shuiskii (died in 1610). The results provide an opportunity to introduce into scientific circulation the exact values of mass fraction of mercury, arsenic, and other elements in the samples taken from the burials of the Russian historical figures of the second half of 16th–early 17th century.