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VARZARI, Pantelimon. Doctrina Eurasiatică și rădăcinile ei intelectuale: tradiții istorice și actualitate. In: Moldoscopie. 2017, nr. 1(76), pp. 53-75. ISSN 1812-2566.
|Numărul 1(76) / 2017 / ISSN 1812-2566|
The article examines the intellectual roots of Eurasian doctrine. Which is addressed through analyzing the evolution and development of Russian social and political thought in the first half of the 19th century. In this regard, particular attention is paid to the analysis of socio-political ideas of the Slavic and Western focused researchers. These two Russian political and ideological streams occurred as a result of heated debates regarding the path the Tsarist Russia can follow in its development. At the same time, it is argued that the Eurasian doctrine gained real shapes specifically in the '20s and' 30s years of the 20th century, being formulated by some Russian intellectuals displaced in the West after the Russian civil war, during Russian forced migration. The article approaches, as well, other two historic periods in the development of Eurasian doctrine, specifically, the period after the Second World War and the following period that took place after the collapse of the Soviet Union. Today the Eurasian idea takes many forms (Eurasianism and Neoeurasianism, for example), movements (such as Eurasian movement, which became popular in the early 21st century) and political parties (e.g. Eurasian Party which was founded in 2002 by Al.Dughin), centers (in Chisinau, for example, in late August 2012 was created the Coordinating Center for Eurasian Integration) etc. The author shows that during the course of socio-political thinking Eurasian doctrine was embraced by great intellectuals of the 19th and 20th centuries, including historians, sociologists, economists and philosophers. The author analyzes some paradoxes between official statistics on Moldova's foreign trade turnover with EU and the CIS countries and opinion polls on population choices on the country's economic development vector. These results reveal an internal skepticism regarding the immediate socio-economic and political recovery and an external Euroscepticism in the context of the decreasing number of European integration followers. The article concludes that the social cohesion in our country is very severely affected and has no significant potential to be restored in the short term in the context of the new dividing "lines" of the conflict between Moldovan political actors, especially after the Parliamentary elections from 30 November 2014 and presidential elections from October 30 / November 13, 2016. Thus, we can observe a tendency in the perpetuation of MOLDOSCOPIE, 2017, nr.1 (LXXVI) 54 the old socio-political cleavages (European vector – Eastern project, Unionism – Moldovenism, Unitarianism – Federalism etc.) that can be defined as the main challenges for the national security of the Republic of Moldova.