Starea sistemului antioxidant de protecţie a salivei la copiii cu gingivită catarală
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ŞEVCENCO, Nina. Starea sistemului antioxidant de protecţie a salivei la copiii cu gingivită catarală . In: Curierul Medical. 2009, nr. 1(307), pp. 37-39. ISSN 1875-0666.
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Curierul Medical
Numărul 1(307) / 2009 / ISSN 1875-0666

Starea sistemului antioxidant de protecţie a salivei la copiii cu gingivită catarală

Pag. 37-39

Şevcenco Nina
 
Universitatea de Stat de Medicină şi Farmacie „Nicolae Testemiţanu“
 
Disponibil în IBN: 14 decembrie 2013


Rezumat

The State of the Antioxidant System of Defense in Saliva of Children with Catarrhal Gingivitis Salivary indices are a reflection of the patient’s metabolic state and have clinical diagnostic importance in patients with oral tissue inflammation. The aim of our study was to examine the state of the antioxidant system of defense in the saliva of 7-year-old children with mild gingivitis. The results of the study showed an imbalance of saliva in patients with gingivitis. In saliva of children with a medium degree of catarrhal gingivitis the activity of glutathione reductase is predominated in glucose-6-phosphate-dehidrogenase and the activity of glutathione-S-transferase is predominated in glutathione reductase

Состояние антиоксидантной защитной системы слюны у детей с катаральным гингивитом Индексы (параметры) слюны отражают состояние метаболизма организма и имеют клинико-диагностическое значение у пациентов с воспалением тканей ротовой полости. Целью нашей работы было исследование состояния антиоксидантной системы защиты слюны 7-летних детей с гингивитом средней степени тяжести в сравнении со здоровыми детьми. Результаты исследования показали дисбаланс антиоксидантной системы слюны пациентов с гингивитом. В слюне детей с катаральным гингивитом средней степени тяжести активность глютатионредуктазы значительно превалирует над глюкозо-6-фосфатдегидрогеназой, а активность глютатион- S-трансферазы над активностью глютатионредуктазы по сравнению со здоровыми детьми.

Cuvinte-cheie
gingivitis, antioxidant system, glutathione reductase

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<affiliation>Universitatea de Medicină şi Farmacie „Carol Davila“, România</affiliation>
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<affiliation>Universitatea de Stat de Medicină şi Farmacie „Nicolae Testemiţanu“, Moldova, Republica</affiliation>
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<affiliation>Universitatea de Stat de Medicină şi Farmacie „Nicolae Testemiţanu“, Moldova, Republica</affiliation>
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<title xml:lang='en'><p>Factors associated with burnout in medical academia: An exploratory analysis of Romanian and Moldavian physicians</p></title>
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<description xml:lang='en' descriptionType='Abstract'><p>This study aimed to assess the extent of burnout in Romanian and Moldavian academic physicians and to determine the predictive value of emotional intelligence (EI), coping strategies, work motivation (WM), perceived organizational support (POS), and the socio-demographic characteristics of burnout. Two hundred physicians (40% men, 60% women, mean age = 43.02, SD = 9.91) participated in the study. They were administered the Maslach Burnout Inventory&minus;General Survey, Brief COPE Scale, Multidimensional Work Motivation Scale, Schutte&rsquo;s Self-Report Emotional Intelligence Test, and Perceived Organizational Support Scale. Mann&minus;Whitney U tests were used to assess the significance of intercountry differences, while hierarchical regressions were performed to investigate the predictive value of the independent variables on burnout. Moldavian participants had significantly lower scores in burnout and amotivation (p &lt; 0.001) and higher scores in EI, POS, and WM (p &lt; 0.001). The main burnout predictors were amotivation (&beta; = 0.388, p &lt; 0.001) and low POS (&beta; = &minus;0.313, p&lt; 0.001) in Moldavian respondents, and WM (intrinsic: &beta; = &minus;0.620, p &lt; 0.001; extrinsic: &beta; = 0.406, p &lt; 0.001) in Romanian participants. Moldavian respondents displayed better adjustment to academic stress. The distribution of burnout predictors suggests better sensitivity of respondents to organizational interventions in Moldova and to individual therapy in Romania. This data could serve to better tailor Public Health interventions addressing burnout in the academic environment.</p></description>
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