История одной случайности, или Происхождение человека
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VIŞNEAŢKII, Leonid. История одной случайности, или Происхождение человека. In: Stratum plus. 1999, nr. 1, pp. 10-51. ISSN 1608-9057.
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Numărul 1 / 1999 / ISSN 1608-9057 /ISSNe 1857-3533

История одной случайности, или Происхождение человека

Pag. 10-51

Vişneaţkii Leonid
 
Институт Истории Материальной культуры, Российская Академия Наук
 
Proiect:
INTAS 2004-78-7193 Imaging GaAs X-ray Detectors
 
Disponibil în IBN: 10 august 2016


Rezumat

This small book is about human origins. Like many other works devoted to the subject it describes the biological history of hominids and primates in general, their systematics and phylogenetic relationships, the chronology and morphology of the most important fossils, and so on. At the same time, this book is not so about HOWs of human evolution as about WHYs of this process. Why did such a process as anthropogenesis take place? Why was it ANTHROPOgenesis? Put in other words, the following pages represent, first of all, an attempt to understand whether the emergence of man was just one of a multitude of possibilities, a result of a freak of chance or it was a materialization of some general trend inherent in the evolution of life. The analysis of several key events in the process of human evolution leads to two seemingly incompatible conclusions, which form the answer to the posed question. Very briefly this answer can be formulated as follows. While, on one hand, the anthropogenesis was a naturally determined and predictable episode in the development of the organic world, on the other hand it was a result of a number of coincidences. In a sense the emergence of man may be considered a consequence of a not obligatory and even hardly probable crossing in one point of mutually independent natural processes.