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|Literatură romanică balcanică (Literatură română) (1125)|
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MIRONESCU, Doris. George Călinescu şi proiectul monografic Eminescu. In: Metaliteratură. 2015, nr. 1(39), pp. 71-75. ISSN 1857-1905.
|Numărul 1(39) / 2015 / ISSN 1857-1905|
This paper discusses G. Călinescu’s work in the field of Eminescu studies in the 1930s. Even though the author himself underplays the importance of this work, describing it as a mere preparation for greater endeavours (e.g. writing his celebrated History of Romanian Literature from Its Beginnings until Today, 1941), one should
visualise this activity as a complex „monograph project” concerning Eminescu from a threefold perspective: a biography, an ample exegesis, and a noteworthy editorial enterprise. The posterity of this project in the field of Eminescu studies in Romania and abroad has been remarkable, and Călinescu’s suggestions still hold, but a change has taken place recently. Biography has taken a turn for methodological reflection with Ilina Gregory, thus returning to a point of view that had been formulated by Călinescu in 1932. Also, the exegesis has become more concerned with questions of
reception and context, echoing Călinescu’s own emphasis on how a reader approaches Eminescu’s texts in his studies from 1934-1936. At the same time, Călinescu’s discovery of the posthumous works of Eminescu has influenced not only critics, but generations of poets, especially in the 1950s. All these points to a prominent position
of Călinescu’s critical stance in Romanian literature even today.
G. Călinescu’s project on Eminescu’s work, the method of the monograph, biography and narration, exegesis and reader-response, text vs. context, the influence of Eminescu’s poetry in the 1950s, G. Călinescu’s position in the Romanian literary canon.