Transformation of forms of land use in the settlements of Odessa district of Kherson governance throughout the 19th century as one of the basic factors of the economic well- being of the population
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2023-02-18 20:06
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94(477):332.3”XIX” (1)
Istoria Ucrainei. Republica Ucraina (14)
Istoria lumii antice (47448)
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DROBNYJ, Victor. Transformation of forms of land use in the settlements of Odessa district of Kherson governance throughout the 19th century as one of the basic factors of the economic well- being of the population. In: Muzeul Naţional de Istorie a Moldovei. : Istorie - Arheologie - Muzeologie, Ed. 32, 27-28 octombrie 2022, Chisinau. Chişinău: Casa Editorial-Poligrafică „Bons Offices”, 2022, Ediția 32, pp. 156-157. ISBN 978-9975-166-14-0 (PDF).
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Dublin Core
Muzeul Naţional de Istorie a Moldovei.
Ediția 32, 2022
Conferința "Conferinţa ştiinţifică internaţională a Muzeului Naţional de Istorie a Moldovei. "
32, Chisinau, Moldova, 27-28 octombrie 2022

Transformation of forms of land use in the settlements of Odessa district of Kherson governance throughout the 19th century as one of the basic factors of the economic well- being of the population

CZU: 94(477):332.3”XIX”

Pag. 156-157

Drobnyj Victor
 
V.О. Sukhomlynskyi National University of Mykolaiv
 
 
Disponibil în IBN: 31 octombrie 2022


Rezumat

After the resubordination of the south of Ukraine to the zone of economic activity of the Russian Empire and the destruction of connections with the territory of the Ottoman Empire, a long process of transformation of land use forms begins in the territories under discussion. Among them, we can single out the following main forms: land use by state peasants, land use by landlord peasants, land use by Bulgarian and German colonists. A key distinguishing feature of state settlements from the rest of the county’s settlements was the form of land ownership. The communal form of land ownership is characteristic for Transnistrian villages, except Roksolan. Each of the settlers freely occupied the amount of land that he could cultivate himself or along with his family In the state settlements Vyhoda, Dalnytskyi, Velyka Karnovka, Kurtovka, Sychavka, Koshari, Tyshkovka, the Kurtiv farm was founded in the 1850s and 1870s and in the Transnistrian village of Roksolany, on the other hand, courtyard land ownership prevailed. The outlined form was characteristic of all landlord settlements and foreign colonies of the county in the first half and middle of the 19th century. The presence of foreign colonists in the total population of the county made it possible to create a complex interconnected economic system that included various economic connections between settlements with different ethnic groups, which in turn allowed to speed up the process of socio-economic development of the settlements of Odesa County. Foreign land use has undergone significant transformations over the course of the century. At the beginning of the 1980s the colonists who received yard (family) allotments adopted for themselves the communal form of land ownership traditional for the Ukrainian population.At the same time, it should be noted that the government of the Russian Empire planned to form a type of land use for the colonists in which one colony would be formed from a number of separate farms attached to a specific yard or family. At the same time, it was planned to form the agricultural land as a single field that would remain whole, undivided during the growth of the colonist family, passing into the ownership between generations of the family, provided that the head of the family in a particular generation remains the full owner of all the land belonging to the yard. The outlined form of land ownership in the colonies of foreign settlers, in contrast to the traditional form of land ownership for Ukrainian settlements, which were characterized by a communal form, became widespread mainly in the settlements of German colonists. However, at the end of the 19th century, the abovementioned mixed form of land ownership by the Germans almost did not survive, and as it was artificially created, it eventually transformed into a communal form of land ownership, which was used by the entire population of Odesa County from the second half of the 19th century, adopting it from the Ukrainian population.