Systematical position and paleoecology of the endemic deer Megaceroides algericus Lydekker, 1890 (Cervidae, Mammalia) from the late Pleistocene-early Holocene of North Africa
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CROITOR, Roman. Systematical position and paleoecology of the endemic deer Megaceroides algericus Lydekker, 1890 (Cervidae, Mammalia) from the late Pleistocene-early Holocene of North Africa. In: Geobios. 2016, nr. 4(49), pp. 265-283. ISSN 0016-6995.
10.1016%2fj.geobios.2016.05.002
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Geobios
Numărul 4(49) / 2016 / ISSN 0016-6995 /ISSNe 1777-5728

Systematical position and paleoecology of the endemic deer Megaceroides algericus Lydekker, 1890 (Cervidae, Mammalia) from the late Pleistocene-early Holocene of North Africa

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016%2fj.geobios.2016.05.002

Pag. 265-283

Croitor Roman12
 
1 Université d’Aix-Marseille,
2 Institute of Zoology ASM
 
Disponibil în IBN: 4 august 2022


Rezumat

The unusual cranial morphology of the endemic extinct African deer Megaceroides algericus (Lydekker, 1890) is described. Some details of cranial and dental morphology suggest that M. algericus is closely related to the Eurasian giant deer Megaloceros giganteus (Blumenbach, 1799). The paper presents also a discussion on paleoecology and functional morphology of M. algericus, as well as its origin, phylogenetic and taxonomic position. Megaloceros mugarensis (Di Stefano, 1996) from the middle Pleistocene of Levant is regarded as a probable forerunner of M. algericus. 

Cuvinte-cheie
Cervidae, Cranial morphology, Ecomorphology, evolution, pachyostosis, Paleobiogeography, taxonomy