Bone, antler and ivory weapons from the multilayer late palaeolithic site Cosăuţi, middle Dniester area
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KOLAVENKO, Sergey; CROITOR, Roman. Bone, antler and ivory weapons from the multilayer late palaeolithic site Cosăuţi, middle Dniester area. In: Stratum plus. 2016, nr. 1, pp. 121-135. ISSN 1608-9057.
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Numărul 1 / 2016 / ISSN 1608-9057 /ISSNe 1857-3533

Bone, antler and ivory weapons from the multilayer late palaeolithic site Cosăuţi, middle Dniester area

Arme de os, corn şi fildeş din multistratul situl paleoliticul târziu Cosâuţi la Mijloc Nistru


Pag. 121-135

Kolavenko Sergey12, Croitor Roman3
 
1 Institute of Cultural Heritage of the Academy of Sciences of Moldova,
2 Institute of Zoology ASM,
3 Université d’Aix-Marseille
 
Disponibil în IBN: 3 august 2022


Rezumat

The seasonal Palaeolithic sites from the middle Dniester valley were reported as kill sites by analogy with the modern "caribou kill sites". These sites yielded abundant remains of the extinct reindeer subspecies Rangifer tarandus constantini that was present in the region under study during the coldest phase of the last glaciation. The excavation of the site of CosǍuţi (Moldova) unearthed numerous specimens of lethal weapons. The close range weapons are represented by pikes made of longitudinally split diaphysis of long bones, pikes with a dihedral tip and groove "to drain the blood" made of shed reindeer antlers. The group of medium-range weapons includes spearheads and darts made of bone, horn and, less frequently, ivory. Usually, the weapons of this type are double-ended, fusiform, 10-20 cm long, round in cross-section. The group of throwing weapons includes a harpoon made of reindeer antler with notched and serrated edges and a hole in its diamond-shaped basal part. The ability to hit targets at long distances is evidenced by the finds of bone arrowheads whose form and mass meet all the requirements associated with archery. They are divided into two types: the rod-like arrowheads with a displaced center of gravity and the leaf-shaped arrowheads with a partial stem.

Cuvinte-cheie
Bone and antler weapons, Cosauti site, Kill sites, Late Palaeolithic, Middle Dniester region, Reindeer, River crossing hunting