| SM ISO690:2012|
TONU, Tatiana. Aspectele toxico-igienice a intoxicaţiilor suicidale cu medicamente. In: Congresul consacrat aniversării a 75-a de la fondarea Universității de Stat de Medicină şi Farmacie „Nicolae Testemiţanu”. 21-23 octombrie 2020, Chişinău. Chişinău: USMF, 2020, p. 160.
|Congresul consacrat aniversării a 75-a de la fondarea Universității de Stat de Medicină şi Farmacie „Nicolae Testemiţanu” 2020|
Congresul "Congresul consacrat aniversării a 75-a de la fondarea Universității de Stat de Medicină şi Farmacie „Nicolae Testemiţanu”" |
Chişinău, Moldova, 21-23 octombrie 2020
Background. According to the WHO, nearly 800.000 people die due to suicide every year, but suicide attempts occur 10 times more frequently. Suicide attempts in children with toxic medication ingestions are on the rise. The accessibility of medicines causes individual, family, social and economic problems. Objective of the study. The assessment of suicide by drug poisoning. Material and Methods. Data from statistical Forms “18-san” and 360-1/e approved by the Order of the Ministry of Health, Labor and Social Protection no. 348 of 19.03.2019 „On the notification, research and monitoring of cases of acute non-professional intoxications exogenous of chemical etiology in the Republic of Moldova”, were analyzed during 2012-2019 years. Results. A total of the 28829 cases of chemical poisonings during 2012-2019 year (among them 891 or 3% fatal cases), 9411 (33%) cases were caused by drugs, including 29 deaths. Drugs were responsible for 3919 (42%) poisoning cases among children. A total affected people (55%) used drugs for suicide (paracetamol, analgesics, antibiotics, etc.), men were poisoned 1.8 times more often than women. The main causes of suicidal drug poisoning were family conflicts, failures in life, free access to medicines, unrequited love. Conclusion. Drug poisoning remains a public health concern, accounting for 1/3 of all poisonings cases, of which 55% were intentional, predominantly among men. The continuously monitoring suicide cases and development of national suicide prevention strategy are necessary to avoid the drugs poisonings.
poisonings, drugs, suicide,
intoxicații, Medicamente, suicide