|Conţinutul numărului revistei|
| SM ISO690:2012|
DUMBRAVEANU, Ion. Sur certains aspects d’enrichissement du lexique du roumain actuel par des neologismes. In: Studii şi cercetări de onomastică şi lexicologie (SCOL). 2010, nr. 1-2, pp. 132-142. ISSN 2065-7161.
|Studii şi cercetări de onomastică şi lexicologie (SCOL)|
|Numărul 1-2 / 2010 / ISSN 2065-7161 /ISSNe 2247-7330|
The article refers to some aspects regarding the neologisation and innovation of contemporary Romanian vocabulary. New nominal derivatives (more than 1,600 recent words formed by suffixation) are analysed. The derivatives under discussion are structured according to three derivational macroschemata or patterns: N → N, V → N and Adj → N. The most numerous are the endocentric new derivatives which represent over 50 % out of the total number. They are organised according to 20 productive derivational patterns: n + -ist → n, n + -ism → n, n + -log → n, n + -logie → n, n + -logist → n. Most derivatives containing these semi-affixes (or affixes) have a high degree of selectivity and compatibility, attaching exclusively to bookish bases. Such derivational patterns enter correlative relationships in the same way as the patterns containing Greek semi-affixes (-metru/-metrie,-fon/-fonie, -graf/-grafie, -man/-manie, -fil/-filie, etc). Within the class of exocentric derivatives structured according to the pattern V → N, the most productive are the derivatives formed according to the pattern v + -re → n, having three derivational variants: v + -are → n, v + -izare → n and v + -ificare → n. Nominal derivatives formed from adjectival bases through back formation (Adj → N) are less numerous compared to those formed from nominal or verbal bases through the same process. Considering the pattern adj + the neologic reflex of the Latin -itate(m), 160 new derivatives have been attested, meaning 62.74 % out of the total number of recent back formation adjectival base derivatives.
constituent, general constituent, pattern, general pattern, derivational correlation,
formant, archi formant, modèle, archi modèle, corrélation dérivationnelle