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CEPOI, Liliana; ZINICOVSCAIA, Inga; RUDI, Ludmila; CHIRIAC, Tatiana; ROTARI, Ion; TURCHENKO, V.; DJUR (MAXACOVA), Svetlana. Effects of PEG-coated silver and gold nanoparticles on spirulina platensis biomass during its growth in a closed system. In: Coatings. 2020, nr. 8(10), p. 0. ISSN 2079-6412.
|Numărul 8(10) / 2020 / ISSN 2079-6412|
Silver and gold nanoparticles are promising tools for medical and industrial applications; therefore, their ecotoxicity should be carefully examined. There are many publications that discuss their effects at high concentrations on various organisms, while the effects of low doses have not been sufficiently investigated. In this paper, the effects of low concentrations of silver (12 nm) and gold (4.7 nm) nanoparticles coated with polyethylene glycol on Spirulina platensis biomass growth, biochemical composition, and antioxidant activity were investigated. The spirulina cultivation medium was supplemented with nanoparticles in the concentration range of 0.025-0.5 M. The given concentrations stimulated spirulina biomass, but the content of proteins, carbohydrates, and auxiliary pigments was insignificantly affected by the presence of nanoparticles in the cultivation medium. Gold nanoparticles at a concentration of 0.5 M produced a pronounced effect on the lipid content. Transmission electron microscope images demonstrated that the nanoparticles penetrate inside the cells and cause ultrastructural changes. The nanoparticles were characterized using several well-known techniques. The results confirmed a negative effect of low concentrations of metal nanoparticles on spirulina. This effect could be indiscernible when studying the biomass viability, but determination of the ultrastructure of the cell and the biochemical composition of the biomass could reveal it.
biochemical composition, Cell ultrastructure, gold nanoparticles, Silver Nanoparticles, Spirulina growth, Spirulina platensis