110–500 kV compact controlled оverhead lines
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2021-02-04 12:01
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similare conform CZU
621.311 (170)
Electrotehnică (790)
SM ISO690:2012
TIMAŞOVA, L; ŞACARIAN, Iurii; CAREVA, S.; POSTOLATI, Vitali; BÎCOVA, Elena; GORYUSHIN, Yu.. 110–500 kV compact controlled оverhead lines. In: Управляемые электропередачи Сборник трудов лаборатории управляемых электропередач Института энергетики АН Молдовы. 1 ianuarie 2007 - 31 decembrie 2017, Chişinău. Chișinău, Republica Moldova: Институт энергетики, 2017, pp. 8-14.
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Управляемые электропередачи 2017
Sesiunea "Управляемые электропередачи"
Chişinău, Moldova, 1 ianuarie 2007 - 31 decembrie 2017

110–500 kV compact controlled оverhead lines

CZU: 621.311
Pag. 8-14

Timaşova L1, Şacarian Iurii1, Careva S.1, Postolati Vitali2, Bîcova Elena2, Goryushin Yu.1
1 Открытое акционерное общество «Научно-технический центр Федеральной сетевой компании Единой энергетической системы» (ОАО «НТЦ ФСК ЕЭС») ,
2 Institute of Power Engineering of ASM
Disponibil în IBN: 25 iunie 2020


Nowadays modern overhead transmission lines (OHL) constructions having several
significant differences from conventional ones are being used in power grids more and more
widely. Implementation of compact overhead lines equipped with FACTS devices, including
phase angle regulator settings (compact controlled OHL), appears to be one of the most
effective ways of power grid development.
Compact controlled AC HV OHL represent a new generation of power transmission
lines embodying recent advanced achievements in design solutions, including towers and
insulation, together with interconnection schemes and control systems.
The main features of compact controlled OHL are as follows [1, 2]:
- phase-to-phase distances (both on towers and within the spans) are extremely reduced
to minimal required values subject to regulatory restrictions on the dielectric strength of
“phase to phase” gaps, taking into account the maximum operating voltages and switching
and lightning overvoltages;
- split phases have an optimal design subject to existing maximum conductor surface
electric field strength requirements adopted for corona discharge elimination;
- tower phases are so configured as to have the grounded tower parts (poles, crossarms,
suspension components) placed outside the space between approached phases;
- if necessary, insulating elements (insulating spacers or ties) are installed in spans
between approached phases of OHL to maintain the selected distance between phases and
damp conductor’s vibrations or galloping under severe weather conditions, thus ensures a
high level of mechanical stability and operating reliability for approached phases in spans;
- angular shifts are created between voltage vectors applied to approached phases of
compact controlled lines: in the case of three-phase single-circuit compact OHL, an angle of
120 electrical degrees between three approached phases of OHL and, in the case of doublecircuit
compact controlled self-compensating overhead lines (CSOHL) between approached
phases of different circuits, an angle controlled within 0–120 (0-180) electrical degrees or
fixed at 120 or 180 electrical degrees, while maintaining an angle of 120 electrical degrees
between voltage vectors of each single circuit;

- high-speed phase control and adjustable compensation systems are used (such as
FACTS devices);
- special algorithms are used for controlling the OHL mode parameters in accordance
with the preset requirements and adaptable to changing conditions in the normal and
emergency operation modes;
The above mentioned technical solutions can be used together or separately.
Compared to conventional OHL, compact-design OHL equipped with FACTS devices
provide the following:
– 1.2-1.6-fold increase in OHL capacity without raising their voltage class;
– 1.5–2-fold reduction in the area of land allocated for OHL with equal capacity;
– electromagnetic field reduction in the external space thus environment and people
impact decrease;
– 15–30% decrease of total costs per power transfer unit;
– provide power flow value and direction control in power systems;
– operating efficiency of reactive power control improvement;
– total energy losses reduce in the power system;
– increase OHL mechanical strength under severe weather conditions
Compact controlled OHL can be used as intersystem and intrasystem high-voltage
connections and for power distribution, ensuring that issues of power transmission and
distribution are addressed at a qualitatively new level.
Results of comprehensive research and development in relation to 110–500 kV compact
controlled power transmission lines together with theoretical basis, substantiation, and
methodological approaches to their practical application are given in the present paper.

compact controlled OHL – transmission capacity – phase control