CuInSe2 nanostructures prepared by chemical close-spaced vapor transport for hybrid photovoltaic devices
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VATAVU, Sergiu; VON MORZE, Natascha; LUX-STEINER, MarthaCh.; RUSU, Marin; ZAHN, Dietrich R.T.. CuInSe2 nanostructures prepared by chemical close-spaced vapor transport for hybrid photovoltaic devices. In: Thin Solid Films. 2017, nr. 633, pp. 185-192. ISSN -.
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Thin Solid Films
Numărul 633 / 2017 / ISSN - /ISSNe 0040-6090

CuInSe2 nanostructures prepared by chemical close-spaced vapor transport for hybrid photovoltaic devices


DOI: 10.1016/j.tsf.2016.11.002
Pag. 185-192

Vatavu Sergiu12, von Morze Natascha1, Lux-Steiner MarthaCh.1, Rusu Marin1, Zahn Dietrich R.T.3
 
1 Helmholtz-Centre Berlin for Materials and Energy,
2 State University of Moldova,
3 Technische Universität Chemnitz
 
Disponibil în IBN: 17 februarie 2018


Rezumat

This work focuses on the fabrication of stoichiometric CuInSe2 nanostructures with controllable physical parameters of the nanocrystals suitable for hybrid organic/inorganic photovoltaics. CuInSe2 nanostructures were prepared by the chemical close-spaced vapor transport (CCSVT) method onto Mo/barrier/glass substrates by using an In2Se3 source material and Cu precursors. The In2Se3 source material was volatilized in H2 ambience with the addition of HCl vapors at 550 °C. Three different types of Cu precursors were used: (i) Cu thin films (6–250 nm thick) deposited by e-beam, (ii) Cu nanoparticles prepared by spray pyrolysis and (iii) Cu nanostructures formed by applying the nanosphere lithography (using a monolayer of 450 nm nanospheres). The CCSVT process parameters were varied to reveal the optimum conditions for the preparation of secondary phases free CuInSe2 nanostructures. The structural characterization by x-ray diffraction in both grazing incidence and Θ-2Θ configurations revealed the formation of CuInSe2 chalcopyrite phase independently on the applied precursor type. The elemental composition of the as-prepared CuInSe2 nanostructures was analyzed by laser ablation-inductively coupled plasma mass-spectrometry. In non-optimised processes, an excess of Se compared to stoichiometric composition was detected and attributed to the formation of molybdenum selenide and indium selenide phases. The formation of the latter secondary phases was suppressed by tuning the CCSVT deposition parameters.

Cuvinte-cheie
Chemical close-spaced vapor transport, Copper indium selenide,

nanostructures