Cum interpretăm devianța: ca o abatere de la normele de orice natură sau ca o încălcare a normelor de o anumită natură?
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Social psychology (560)
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ŞLEAHTIŢCHI, Mihail. Cum interpretăm devianța: ca o abatere de la normele de orice natură sau ca o încălcare a normelor de o anumită natură? In: Revistă de știinţe socioumane . 2014, nr. 3(28), pp. 5-14. ISSN 1857-0119.
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Revistă de știinţe socioumane
Numărul 3(28) / 2014 / ISSN 1857-0119 /ISSNe 2587-330X

Cum interpretăm devianța: ca o abatere de la normele de orice natură sau ca o încălcare a normelor de o anumită natură?

CZU: 316.624+37.015.3
Pag. 5-14

Şleahtiţchi Mihail
 
Universitatea Pedagogică de Stat „Ion Creangă“ din Chişinău
 
Disponibil în IBN: 12 aprilie 2016


Rezumat

In the late `30s, T. Sellin and R. K. Merton, being concerned with identifying the study subject of sociocriminogenesis, resort to a first attempt to formulate the concept of deviant behavior. According to them, the latter can be narrowed down either to the ensemble of behaviors against the norms of conduct or institutional order or to a normal reaction of normal people placed under abnormal conditions. From those far years up to present, the point of view, according to which the deviant behavior signifies abnormality remains, ultimately, immutable, supported by most researchers focused on the issue of social field. Although, apparently, things became clear, a question, however, remains imperative: in saying „a deviation from existing social norms” one must have regard to the norms of any kind, which equally aim at morality, legislation, mental condition, physiological and sensorial condition, sexual life, religious or aesthetic culture or just a certain type of norms (the one that relates to morality, for example)? The data we dispose at the moment, allow us to say that, in principle, the deviance can be approached in a broad manner (= „all acts or states which have in common the fact that they offend the feelings, expectations and norms of the community in which they arise and manifest”), in a narrow manner (= deviations from the socio-moral norms, which anticipate, essentially, the 6 ideal type of adaptive responses that put in an exemplary order the motives, beliefs, feelings, goals and structures of consciousness of the social actors) or, where appropriate, in both manners.