Reforma agrară şi împroprietărirea cu pământ a Bisericii Ortodoxe din Transilvania
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TRÂNCĂ, Sorin. Reforma agrară şi împroprietărirea cu pământ a Bisericii Ortodoxe din Transilvania. In: Revistă de știinţe socioumane . 2015, nr. 1(29), pp. 111-125. ISSN 1857-0119.
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Revistă de știinţe socioumane
Numărul 1(29) / 2015 / ISSN 1857-0119 /ISSNe 2587-330X

Reforma agrară şi împroprietărirea cu pământ a Bisericii Ortodoxe din Transilvania

CZU: [281.95+63](498)(091)
Pag. 111-125

Trâncă Sorin
 
Universitatea Pedagogică de Stat „Ion Creangă“ din Chişinău
 
Disponibil în IBN: 16 iulie 2015


Rezumat

In 1918, the national aspirations of Romanians took shape by the creation of the Unitary National State. „Romania Mare” (the Greater Romania) was a multi-confessional polyglot state with a complex confessional issue, that was to be given an urgent solution by the State. Between 1918-1928 there were convergences but also contrasts between the State and the Church, projected into the state legislation of the first inter-war decade. A deficiency which altered the dynamics of State-Church relationship was property distribution in favour of the Orthodox Church in Transylvania, through the provisions of Land Reform in 1921. Ordinary Synods Acts of the Archdiocese of Vad, Feleac and Cluj, and also the Protocols of Synods of the Romanian Orthodox Archdiocese of Alba Iulia and Sibiu in the years 1923-1928, and the picture of the forests of the communes, counties, compossessorates from across different forest ranges in Transylvania, which were to be subject to the forest regime, depicted in the most faithful way, the disproportion between the land and forest areas owned by the Orthodox people compared to other religions: Evangelical Lutheran, Greek Catholic and mostly Catholic. All these were an obvious reason to demonstrate the inability of the Romanian state to equitably resolve this issue, but also to evoke the unfair treatment applied to Orthodoxy compared to other confessions in the country.

Cuvinte-cheie
Dominant church, parochial property, ecclesial servants, Uniate ecclesial servants, cord feet, the land reform, land privileges, clergy income.,

legal personality, serfdom