Dezvoltarea afectivităţii la preadolescenţii educaţi în situaţii sociale de dezvoltare diferite
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RACU, Igor; VERDEŞ, Angela. Dezvoltarea afectivităţii la preadolescenţii educaţi în situaţii sociale de dezvoltare diferite . In: Psihologie. Pedagogie Specială. Asistenţă Socială . 2009, nr. 17, pp. 10-28. ISSN 1857-0224.
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Psihologie. Pedagogie Specială. Asistenţă Socială
Numărul 17 / 2009 / ISSN 1857-0224 /ISSNe 1857-4432

Dezvoltarea afectivităţii la preadolescenţii educaţi în situaţii sociale de dezvoltare diferite

Pag. 10-28

Racu Igor, Verdeş Angela
 
Universitatea Pedagogică de Stat „Ion Creangă“ din Chişinău
 
Disponibil în IBN: 16 decembrie 2013


Rezumat

The survey is centred on an actual problem in framework of psychology of modern development- the affective development at preadolescents brought up in different social situations of development (SSD). The research is based on the description and analysis of factors, the conditions and specific of the phenomenon. In the fisrt part of the research there were included fundamental theoretical approach of affectivity, presented and ananlyzed the consepts off different authors regarding the development of affectivity, its place and role in personality formation of preadolescents in different social situations of development. There were described and analyzed three social situations of development at preadolescents: the complete favourable family, temporarily desintegrated family and the educational evioronment in broading schools. It was established that the favourable development of affectivity is realized in SSD"1. For SSD"2 and SSD"3 is caracteristic unfavourable development of affectivity. In the established experiments accomplished it wos provide that the development af affectivity at preadolescents has a specific character, that is determined by the social situation of development. The decisive factors in the development of affectivity are: communication, interaction, preadolescents activities with the adults and peers; attitude towards self. The established differences within the factors mentioned determines the specific parts in the contents, dynamics, the development of affectivity during preadolescents period. Preadolescents from temporarily dezintegrated families and those from boarding schools are raised in conditions that determine the unfavourable development of affectivity and the appearance of surch components as aggressivity, anxiety, low frustrative tolerance, distrust etc. The formative activities oriented to positive influence on the development of affectivity directed over communication and interaction of the child with the adults and peers, permitted the possibility to compensate partialy the process of development of affectivity. Also, it was proved that compensatory actions are more efficient at preadolescents from temporarily dezintegrated families.