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FILIP, Florin-Gheorghe. From Moron to Intelligent Coach: How the Computer Can Contribute to Wellbeing. In: Mathematics and IT: Research and Education, 1-3 iulie 2021, Chişinău. Chișinău, Republica Moldova: 2021, pp. 7-8.
|Mathematics and IT: Research and Education 2021|
Conferința "Mathematics and IT: Research and Education " |
Chişinău, Moldova, 1-3 iulie 2021
Almost 55 years ago, Peter Drucker (1967) stated that “the computer makes no decisions; it only carries out orders. It’s a total moron and therein lies its strength. It forces us to think to set the criteria. The stupider the tool, the brighter the master has to be and this is the dumbest tool we have ever had”. In our days, the PDAs (personal digital assistants) can be frequently met and utilized. Moreover, there are predictions that “by 2055, nearly everyone has 100 cognitive assistants that work for them [....]” and “Cognitive systems can potentially progress from tools to assistants to collaborators to coaches” (Spohrer et al., 2017). The paper is meant to present several milestones of such a fast evolution of the computer with particular emphasis on the impact of the [digital] artifact exerted on our professional and private lives and its contribution to the progress of the human being. The paper is organized as follows: in the first section, the digital wellbeing and human resilience are reviewed to set the stage for presenting the possible impact of information technology on individual people and society. The early views of influent cultural, technical, and business leaders (P. Drucker, U. Ecco, D. Engelbart and J. Licklider) are presented on the computer role and its development and usage prospects. The current developments in human-machine collaboration in modern [social] CPS (cyber-physical systems) are described together with the updated meaning of the concept of automation and several foreseen roles of the computer in private human life. The concept of computer supported collaboration between various entities, such as humans (Filip et al., 2017), humans and machines (Nof et al., 2015), and combination of various technologies, such as [computerized] OR (operations research) models and AI (artificial intelligence) based tools (Simon 1967), are viewed as the enabling factor for progress, eventually leading the [digital] cognitive systems within a wise service-oriented setting (Spohrer et al., 2017). Several cautious views about the prospects of the future role of the AI are articulated by well-known scientists and technology leaders (Stephan Hawking, Elon Musk, Bill Gates, and Steve Wozniak). In order to ensure a favorable evolution of the AI impact, a series of public authorities and institutions, such as EC (European Commission) and the US Nat. Research Council, or companies, such as Deloitte, envisage creating a Trustworthy AI ecosystem, the main attributes of which being described. The paper concludes with a comparison of digital humanism and dataism and the unanswered question about the evolution of the human being and society under the influence of pacing and emerging information technologies and devices.
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